Dietrich Eckart – Hitler’s Mentor
Dietrich Eckart (23 March 1868 – 26 December 1923) was a German journalist and politician, together with Adolf Hitler one of the early key members of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) and a participant of the 1923 Beer Hall Putsch.
Eckart was born Johann Dietrich Eckart in 1868 in Neumarkt, Upper Palatinate (about twenty miles southeast of Nuremberg) in the Kingdom of Bavaria, the son of royal notary and lawyer Christian Eckart and his wife Anna, a devout Catholic.
His mother died when he was ten years old.
Young Dietrich was expelled from several schools; in 1895, his father died also, leaving him a considerable amount of money that Eckart soon spent.
Eckart initially studied law at Erlangen, later medicine at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich as an eagerly fencing and drinking corps member, but finally decided in 1891 to work as a poet, playwright and journalist.
Eckart moved to Berlin in 1899, where he wrote a number of plays, often autobiographical, becoming the protégé of Count Georg von Hülsen-Haeseler (1858 – 1922 see left), the artistic director of the Prussian Royal Theatre.
Eckart was a successful playwright, especially for his 1912 adaptation of Henrik Ibsen’s (see right) ‘Peer Gynt’, one of the best attended productions of the age with more than 600 performances in Berlin alone.
It was this success that not only made Eckart a wealthy man, but gave him the social contacts needed to introduce Hitler to dozens of important German citizens of the day. These introductions proved to be pivotal in Hitler’s ultimate rise to power.
Later on, Eckart developed an ideology of a “genius superman”, based on writings by the Völkisch author Jörg Lanz von Liebenfels (see right); he saw himself following the tradition of Heinrich Heine, Arthur Schopenhauer and Angelus Silesius.
He also became fascinated by the Buddhist doctrine of Maya (illusion).
Eckart loved and strongly identified with the fictional character ‘Peer Gynt’, but never had much sympathy for the scientific method.
From 1907 he lived with his brother Wilhelm in the Döberitz mansion colony west of the Berlin city limits.
In 1913 he married Rosa Marx, an affluent widow from Bad Blankenburg, and returned to Munich.
After World War I, Eckart edited the nationalist, völkisch &amp; antisemitic periodical ‘Auf gut Deutsch’ (“In plain German”), published along with Alfred Rosenberg (see left) and Gottfried Feder (see Right).
A fierce critic of the German Revolution and the Weimar Republic, he vehemently opposed the Treaty of Versailles, which he viewed as treason, and was a proponent of the concept of the ‘stab-in-the-back’ (Dolchstoßlegende), according to which the Social Democrats and Jews were to blame for Germany’s defeat in the war.
Eckart was a key member of the Thule Gesellschaft (see left), founded by Sebottendorff, – a secretive group of occultists that believed in the coming of a “German Messiah” (Stark von Obern) who would redeem Germany after its defeat in World War I.
Eckart expressed his anticipation in a poem he wrote months before he met Hitler for the first time. In the poem, Eckart refers to ‘the Great One’, ‘the Nameless One’, ‘Whom all can sense but no one saw’.
When Eckart met Hitler, he was convinced that he had encountered the prophesied redeemer (Erlöser – which is redolent of Wagner’s Parsifal – see right).
The DAP was founded in Munich in the hotel “Fürstenfelder Hof” on January 5, 1919 by Anton Drexler, a member of the occultist Thule Gesellschaft.
It developed out of the “Freien Arbeiterausschuss für einen guten Frieden” (Free Workers’ Committee for a good Peace) which Drexler had also founded and led.
Its first members were mostly colleagues of Drexler’s from the Munich rail depot.
Drexler was encouraged to found the DAP by his mentor, Dr. Paul Tafel, a leader of the Alldeutscher Verband (Pan-Germanist Union), a director of the Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nürnberg, also a member of the Thule Gesellschaft, and his wish was for a party which was both in touch with the masses and nationalist, unlike the middle class parties.
The initial membership was about forty people.
On March 24, 1919, Karl Harrer (a sports journalist and member of the Thule Society) joined the DAP to increase the influence of the Thule Society over the DAP’s activities, and the party name was changed to the “Political Workers’ Circle”.
The membership was as scarce as the original DAP’s and the meetings were reduced to the local beer houses.
Adolf Hitler, then a corporal in the German army, was ordered to spy on the DAP on September 12, 1919 during one of its meetings at the Sterneckerbräu, a beer hall in the center of the city.
While there, he got into a violent argument with one guest.
Following this incident, Anton Drexler was impressed with Hitler’s oratory skills and invited him to join the party.
After some thinking, Hitler left the army and accepted the invitation, joining in late September.
At the time when Hitler joined the party there were no membership numbers or cards.
It was on January 1920 when a numeration was issued for the first time: listed in alphabetical order, Hitler received the number 555.
In reality he had been the 55th member, but the counting started at the number 501 in order to make the party appear larger.
Also, his claim that he was party member number 7, which would make him one of the founding members, is refuted, however, in his work ‘Mein Kampf’, Hitler claims that he received a membership card with the number 7.
After giving his first speech for the Party on October 16 in the Hofbräukeller, Hitler quickly rose up to become a leading figure in the DAP.
The small number of party members were quickly won over to Hitler’s political beliefs.
In an attempt to make the party more broadly appealing to larger segments of the population, the DAP was renamed on February 24, 1920 to the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei NSDAP – (National Socialist German Workers’ Party) or Nazi Party.
The name was borrowed from a different Austrian party active at the time (Deutsche Nationalsozialistische Arbeiterpartei, German National Socialist Workers’ Party), although Hitler earlier suggested the party to be renamed the “Social Revolutionary Party”; it was Rudolf Jung who persuaded Hitler to follow the NSDAP naming.
The emblem of the new party was the black,straight-armed clockwise swastika (see right), on a white circle against a red ground – unlike the DAP, which used the curved armed,static swastika (see left), taken from the Thule Gesellschaft emblem.
Eckart was involved in founding the Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (German Workers’ Party) together with Gottfried Feder and Anton Drexler (see right) in 1919, later renamed the Nationalsozialistische deutsche Arbeiterpartei (National Socialist German Workers’ Party, NSDAP) (see badge left); he was the original publisher of the party newspaper, the ‘Völkischer Beobachter’ (see above left), and also wrote the lyrics of Deutschland erwache (“Germany awake”), which became an anthem of the Nazi Party.
Eckart met Adolf Hitler during a speech he gave before party members in 1919.
Eckart exerted considerable influence on Hitler in the following years and is strongly believed to have helped establish the theories and beliefs of the Nazi party.
Few other people had as much influence on Hitler in his lifetime.
It was Eckart who introduced Alfred Rosenberg to Adolf Hitler.
Between 1920 and 1923, Eckart and Rosenberg labored tirelessly in the service of Hitler and the party.
Through Rosenberg, Hitler was introduced to the writings of Houston Stewart Chamberlain, who had inspired Rosenberg.
Rosenberg edited the ‘Münchener Beobachter’, a party newspaper, originally owned by the Thule Society.
In the pages of the ‘Münchener Beobachter’, Rosenberg published the ‘Protocols of the Elders of Zion’ (see right).
To raise funds for the party’s newspaper, Eckart introduced Hitler into the influential circles that would eventually fund the Nazi party. While staying in the house of a wealthy manufacturer in Berlin, Hitler was given instruction in public speaking by a teacher of drama.
On 9 November 1923, Eckart was involved in the Nazi party’s failed Beer Hall Putsch; he was arrested and placed in Landsberg Prison along with Hitler and other party officials, but was released shortly thereafter due to illness.
Dietrich Eckart died of a heart attack in Berchtesgaden on 26 December 1923 (see Dietrich Eckart Haus – right).
However, shortly before his death he made a prophetic statement to the inner circle of the Thule Gesellschaft:
“Hitler will dance, but it is I who have called the tune !
I have initiated him into the ‘Secret Doctrine‘, opened his centres of vision (1) and given him the means to communicate with the Powers. Do not mourn for me: I shall have influenced History more than any other German”.
Eckart’s use of the phrase ‘Die Geheime Lehre’ (Secret Doctrine) appears, on the face of it, to be a reference to Madame Blavatsky’s Theosophical teaching; ‘The Secret Doctrine‘ being the title of her last book published in 1891; particularly with regards to the Root Races, the Aryans and the existence of ‘hidden supermen’.
Eckart may, however, be referring, in addition, to some esoteric doctrine of his own.The ‘centre of vision’ are the the Sacred Chakras, which are a central part of esoteric philosophy in both the Oriental and Oriental systems of magic. In Occidental magic, which has its origins in Gnosticism and the Kabala, the Chakras are associated with the Planetary Spheres and the Kabalistic Tree of Life. There are seven Chakras in the human body associated with various organs.
The lowest Chakra is associated with the rectum, the second with the genitals, the third with the abdomen, the fourth with the heart, the fifth with the thyroid, the sixth with the pineal gland and the last Chakra with the crown. Each Chakra ‘vibrates’ at its own rate and acts as a ‘gate’ to the ‘Kundalini Power’ which originates in the ano-genital area and, when released, can rise through the Chakras, being modified by each one; eventually reaching the Crown Chakra to produce a spiritual ‘awakening’. There are various ways of causing such an awakening of power; the easiest being a direct stimulation of the Kundalini through erotic or sado-erotic practices. Such stimulation,rather than the slower and considerably more difficult meditatory path, often results in a lack of control of the powers so obtained.
Johann Dietrich Eckart was buried in Berchtesgaden’s old cemetery, not far from the eventual graves of Nazi party official Hans Lammers and his wife and daughter.
Hitler dedicated the second volume of Mein Kampf to Eckart, and also named the Waldbühne arena near the Olympic Stadium in Berlin as the “Dietrich-Eckart-Bühne” (see right) when it was opened for the 1936 Summer Olympics.
Hitler, however, was unable to let go of his mentor, and kept and displayed Dietrich Eckart’s death mask (see left) at his country residence, the Berghof (see right).
There Hitler would lock himself away in the small room where the death mask lay in a shrine, but as to what he did nobody knows.
Interestingly, between the dates on the plaque is the word ‘Thule’. This clearly demonstrates Ekhart’s association with the secret society.
‘I have dedicated the first volume of this book to our eighteen fallen heroes…… Together with those, and as one of the best of all, I should like to mention the name of a man who devoted his life to reawakening his and our people, through his writing and his ideas and finally through positive action.
Dietrich Eckart, as we have seen, was an admirer of Schopenauer and Nietzsche, but also a dedicated occultist.
Eckart appears to have travelled widely in his youth, visiting Spain, North Africa and Italy, and it was during these travels that he first became interested in the occult.
Later he adopted a Bohemian life-style, and pursued a career as a dramatist, poet and journalist, at first in Berlin, and after the war, in Munich.
During the war (1914-1918) served in the German Army, as an officer and, like Hitler, he was gassed, towards the end of hostilities.
For the rest of his life he suffered from respiratory problems which were eventually responsible for his premature death.
Eckart also drank heavily and took drugs, which included a favourite of many bohemians at that time, the psychedelic peyote, which the pharmacologist Ludwig Lewin had studied as early as 1886, and which Aleister Crowley (see right) claimed to have popularised in Europe.
Eckart believed that he was destined to prepare the way for a new leader of the German people, and he spoke regularly of this belief to his friends in the Thule Group.
(2) Violet Mary Firth Evans (6 December 1890 – 8 January 1946), better known as Dion Fortune, was a British occultist and author.
Her pseudonym was inspired by her family motto “Deo, non fortuna” (Latin for “by God, not fate”).
Her first magical mentor was the Irish occultist and Freemason Theodore Moriarty.
(3) Francis Henry King, CBE (4 March 1923 – 3 July 2011)was a British novelist, poet and short story writer and occultist.
He was born in Adelboden, Switzerland, brought up in India and educated at Shrewsbury School and Balliol College, Oxford.
During World War II he was a conscientious objector, and left Oxford to work on the land.
After completing his degree in 1949 he worked for the British Council; he was posted around Europe, and then in Kyoto.
He resigned to write full time in 1964.
He was a past winner of the W. Somerset Maugham Prize for his novel ‘The Dividing Stream’ (1951) and also won the Katherine Mansfield Short Story Prize. His 1956 book ‘The Firewalkers’ was published pseudonymously under the name Frank Cauldwell.
A President Emeritus of International PEN and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature, he was appointed an Officer (OBE) of the Order of the British Empire in 1979 and a Commander of the Order (CBE) in 1985.
Like Atlantis, Thule (see left) was thought to have been the magic centre of a vanished civilisation Eckart and his friends believed that not all the secrets of Thule had perished.
Beings intermediate between Man and other intelligent Beings from Beyond, would place at the disposal of the Initiates a reservoir of forces which could be drawn upon to enable Germany to dominate the world again and be the cradle of the coming race of Supermen which would result from mutations of the human species.
(4) ‘The Dawn of Magic’ was first published as ‘Le Matin des Magiciens’.
Written by Louis Pauwels and Jacques Bergier in 1960, it became a best seller, first in French, then translated into English in 1963 as ‘The Dawn of Magic’, and later released in the United States. A German edition was published with the title ‘Aufbruch ins dritte Jahrtausend’ (Departure into the third Millennium).
It taught its initiates to practise the magic arts and awaken their own potential.
Its teachings included the control of a subtle force, like Lytton’s Vril or the Kundalini of the Hindus (see left): the creation of desirable situations through intense and systematic visualisation: and the art of communication with those mysterious Beings – the Unknown Supermen.
It is likely that Hitler learned all these techniques, and realised that the one-pointed concentration of the will, a faculty which he already possessed, could have its power greatly enhanced by the force of heightened emotion.
It appears, however, that it was Eckart who was responsible for the Thulist’s attempts to break through the veil of time, in a desperate attempt to discover what the future held in store for them.
Their dreams of completing the ‘great work’ seemed to be fading, and they looked to the future for reassurance.
The Gesellschaft can be seen as the product of along process of development, beginning with the ancient Gnosticism of the Near East, and passing through many convolutions.
The Thule Gesellschaft, however, seemed to be waiting for someone to transform it and give it power.
That person proved to be Adolf Hitler.
For Eckhart this was merely a confirmation of what he had been told during another seance four years before.
During that seance he received a startling message.
A voice had told him that a German would appear who would lead the Aryan race to final victory.
This voice then said that it would be Eckart’s responsibility to nurture what it called the ‘Messiah’, the Chosen One.
Eckart was now a man with a mission because the German messiah was about to be revealed, and he knew what he would look like.
Eckart knew immediately that Hilter was the man who was destined to save the German people.
Eckart immediately assumed the role foretold in his vision as mentor to the future leader and began to help Hilter to shape his ideology and message, boosting his self-confidence and training him in occult matters and in addition the practical arts of self projection, body language and pursuasive oratory.
At any rate, Hitler proved that he was an excellent organiser and, guided by Röhm, and Eckart, he was the moving spirit behind a propaganda campaign that took the obscure Party from the beer cellars to large public meetings.
Dietrich Eckart, had contacts with all the rightist circles, and he introduced Hitler to Munich society as the saviour of the German people.
However, initially all accounts describe Hitler as awkward, fawningly polite, ‘noteworthy for his hasty greed when eating and his exaggerated bows‘.
Hitler is reported to have made a habit of arriving late and leaving early; loud, ostentatious outbursts against political opponents alternated abruptly with phases of introspective withdrawal. Obviously still dominated by the feeling of being an outsider, he was continually thwarted in his desire to shine by the fear of social slights, a fear which the numerous women, mostly elderly ladies who took him under their wing with belated maternal eagerness, were unable to soothe. However, gradually, with Eckhart’s tutelage, Hitler began to change and it is evident he was being transformed into an orator of considerable persuasive power.
So as if by a miracle, two years after the Great War, Hitler had risen from obscurity, to become as his greatest opponents would concede later, the greatest orator that Germany has ever known
Medicine-man or the Asiatic Shaman; others have compared it to the sensitivity of a medium, and the magnetism of a hypnotist.’
And then there were Hitler’s limpid, pale blue eyes….
Not long after Hitler siezed the leadership of the party and became it’s Fuhrer, his mentor, Eckart, introduced him to the lovely village of Berchtesgaden that was nestled in the Bavarian Alps.
Hitler described the region as “a countryside of indescribable
A short walk below the Moritz was the Gasthof zum Turken (see left) (named after an innkeeper who fought the Turks) where Hitler and his friends enjoyed the “genuine goulash” and often lingered in one of the small public rooms lost in conversation.
It no doubt impressed Hitler to learn that the Moritz and Turken had once been the meeting places of such dignitaries as Prince-Regent Luitpold of Bavaria, the composer Johannes Brahms and even Crown prince Wilhelm of Prussia.
Having taught Hitler the oratory skills to manipulate an audience through the techniques of hand gestures, voice control and timing, Eckhart now presented his prodigy with a place that would overwhelm him with majestic and inspiring grandeur.
Little wonder that Hitler later said that it was here that he had spent his most pleasant times, and conceived his greatest ideas.
Often noted by occultists as an “energy spot” or “magnetic geo-node,” many seekers came to the Untersberg to be refreshed by the water and drawn to over 400 caves and tunnels by what is described as a “strong magnetic anomaly.”
The Untersberg has been characterized by the Dalai-Lama as the “sleeping dragon,” the “heart-chakra of the world.”
The legends of time portals, missing expeditions, tunnel systems leading to fountains, temples, forests and marble rooms go back hundreds of years.
One of the most persistent rumors involves the legend of Karl the Great (of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation), known in the west as Charles the Great or Charlemagne.
Though physically buried in the German village of Aachen, it is believed that the “astral form” of this emperor sleeps in the mysterious depths of a subterranean throne room, surrounded by his strongest knights, gnomes, frost giants and fire giants, Valkyries and other “Volk,” awaiting the final liberation of his country and kinsmen; that he will rule over a thousand year kingdom of Aryan dominion.
Other accounts maintain this entity is the spirit of the emperor Frederich Barbarossa.
Within the ancient mythologies of the Nordic People are the prophecies that at a future point in time, though time itself is a variable, the “Watcher-god”, Heimdall, will sound his horn to summon the children of Loki (see right).
This semi-divine/human Sixth Race will break their bonds and unite with mystical forces to sail from the land of the Niflheim, located in an astral plane beyond the auroras, waging the final battle with the current “usurpers” of the planet to culminate in the enthronement of their vaticinated king.
It is this anticipated kingdom and its preparation that has been the goal of the ancient spirits. This is the heart of ‘The Awakening of the Black Sun’.
The Untersberg is known to be inhabited by certain kinds of elemental spirits of Nature, some of which are good and benevolent, others of a wicked and malicious nature, and inimical to mankind; and there are innumerable tales circulating among the people in the neighborhood, telling about the doings of the gnomes, fairies, and giants, dwelling within caves and in gorgeous marble halls and grottoes filled with gold and precious stones that will turn into dead leaves and stones when seen in the light of day.
“Some of the friendly tribes come out of the Untersberg on certain occasions, and they are said to have sometimes associated with the inhabitants of our plane of existence, partaking in the dances and amusements of the peasants, and even taking stray children with them into the Untersberg; and, incredible as it may appear, it is even asserted by, “those who know” that marriages have taken place between citizens of our world and the inhabitants of the kingdom of gnomes.
Of course it is well known that within the mysterious depths of the Untersberg there dwells the soul of a great emperor in his astral form.
There, together with his retinue, he sleeps an enchanted sleep, waiting for the liberation of his country.
Sometimes very suddenly, even on a clear summer day, clouds are seen to issue from the sides of the mountain; grotesquely-formed ghost-like mists arise from the caverns and precipices, crawling and gliding slowly upwards toward the top, and form on the neighboring peaks also, clouds of monstrous shapes and sometimes of gigantic proportions floating on, until the head of the Untersberg is surrounded by a surging sea of vapours growing dense and dark.
Seldom included in historical analysis of the Third Reich and Adolf Hitler, is the spiritually mesmerizing impact of Mount Untersberg.
Hitler’s first direct encounter took place in 1923, upon which date the future führer would describe his feelings, “It was so wonderful! A view of the Untersberg! Indescribable!”
While not specifically recorded, it is unlikely that the youthful Hitler would have been unaware of the writings of Franz Hartmann.
His obsession with occultism and theosophy, now well documented, would explain the peculiar fascination with the “sleeping dragon” as described by the Dalai Lama.
Having rented Haus Wachenfeld, a small vacation villa across the valley from Mount Untersberg, for four years, it was in 1932, with proceeds earned from royalties from Mein Kampf, that Adolf Hitler purchased what would become the Berghof.
A major renovation of the house soon followed, including a series of extensions, a bowling alley, a library and a basement.
(see Grundstein – Foundation Stone of 1936 – left – with Thule Swastikas)
Most importantly, however, was the construction of a huge picture window, providing a completely open view of the Untersberg.
Hitler was deeply affected by the legend and remarked to Albert Speer, his architect and armaments minister:
“Look at the Untersberg over there.It is not just by chance that I have my seat across from it.”
In February of 1942, the Fuhrer commented to Heinrich Himmler, “Charlemagne was the one of the greatest men to ever live.”
It may well have been that Adolf Hitler had hoped to see some type of manifestation: his telescopes were specifically designed for earth observation.
“Those were the best times of my life,” he would later say. “My great plans were forged there.”
So magnetic was the mountain that the Führer later explained,
“I basically built the house around the window,” and he even named the structure Berghof: “The Mountain Court.”
The Berghof has been described as a “Bavarian country house guarded by 2,000 SS troops,” with Adolf Hitler gazing from a “gigantic window… across a valley to the Untersberg massif, a sheer wall of mountain that looms large in Teutonic myths.”
For almost a decade Obersalzburg had become the Holy Mountain of the Third Reich, drawing thousands of pilgrims to pay homage to their Führer.
On February 2, 1942, Hitler said that his residence in Obersalzberg – Berghof, was “Gralsburg”. This indicates a certain connection to the Holy Grail and the Templars.
Just a few days before the end of war some local people reported seeing strange SS convoys that headed toward the Zillertal Alps (a mountain range on the Austrian-Italian border) where they, on their way to the Schleigeiss Glacier, allegedly buried some boxes deep in ice somewhere near a precipice.
Some esoteric authors write that the Holy Grail is here.
The cave explorers had to return from their expedition without knowing how far down it goes.
According to a German newspaper report they had gone down 1056 meters before being forced to return at an abyss-like precipce.
This had been accomplished by being able to pass an extremely narrow passageway that had been previously unpassable.
They also discovered more than 800 new passageways and a lake in 930 meters depth.
In his own memoirs, Nazi Germany’s court architect and minister of armaments, Albert Speer, recalled his evening at Hitler’s retreat in the Alps above Berchtesgaden, right after the signing of the Nazi-Soviet non-aggression pact that — with its secret clause giving the Soviet Union part of Poland — opened the way to the Nazi invasion that triggered World War Two.
Speer wrote :
“In the course of the night we stood on the terrace of the Berghof with Hitler and marveled at a rare natural spectacle. Northern lights of unusual intensity threw red light on the legend-haunted Untersberg across the valley, while the sky above shimmered in all the colours of the rainbow. The last act of the Götterdämmerung could not have been more effectively staged. The same red light bathed our faces and our hands. The display produced a curiously pensive mood among us. Abruptly turning to one of his military adjutants, Hitler said: ‘Looks like a great deal of blood. This time we won’t bring it off without violence.’”