Through his student Rudolf Hess, Haushofer’s ideas may have influenced the development of Adolf Hitler’s expansionist strategies, although Haushofer denied direct influence on the Nazi regime.
Haushofer was received by the Japanese Emperor (see right) and got to know many important people in politics and armed forces. In autumn 1909 he travelled with his wife for a month to Korea and Manchuria on the occasion of a railway construction.
At this time, he forged a friendship with the young Rudolf Hess who would become his scientific assistant.
Haushofer developed Geopolitik from widely varied sources, including the writings of Oswald Spengler, Alexander Humboldt, Karl Ritter, Friedrich Ratzel, Rudolf Kjellén, and Halford J. Mackinder.
His ideas would reach a wider audience with the publication of ‘Volk ohne Raum’ – (People without Space) (see right) by Hans Grimm in 1926, popularizing his concept of lebensraum – (living space).
Pan-regions (Panideen) based upon the British Empire, and the American Monroe Doctrine, as enunciated by American President James Munroe (see left), Pan-American Union and hemispheric defense, whereby the world is divided into spheres of influence.
Enunciated most forcefully by Friedrich Ratzel (see right) and his Swedish student Rudolf Kjellén, they include an organic or anthropomorphized conception of the state, and the need for self-sufficiency through the top-down organization of society.
Haushofer even held that urbanization (see left) was a symptom of a nation’s decline, evidencing a decreasing soil mastery, birthrate and effectiveness of centralized rule.
Haushofer and the Munich school of geopolitik would eventually expand their conception of lebensraum and autarky well past the borders of 1914 and “a place in the sun” (see right) to a ‘New European Order’, then to a ‘New Afro-European Order’, and eventually to a ‘Eurasian Order’.
Louis Pauwels, in his book “Monsieur Gurdjieff”, describes Haushofer as a former student of George Gurdjieff.
The Vril Society was first heard of outside Germany when the rocket expert, Willi Ley, (see left) fled from his country in 1933, and informed those who were willing to listen that the Lodge took Lytton’s book literally: ‘He added with a smile that the disciples believed they had secret knowledge that would enable them to change – their race and become the equals of the unknown supermen.
They began their exercises by staring fixedly at an apple cut in half….
Soon the initiates came to believe that they had formed an alliance with mysterious Tibetan lodges situated in Agarthi and Schamballah (see right), and with an Unknown Superman.
“In uttering these words,” added Rauschning (see left), “Hitler was trembling in a kind of ecstasy.”
Like Hitler, he was shrewd enough to realize that a passion for the esoteric usually invites ridicule and he hid the true nature of his interests beneath a cloak of cold-blooded rationalism, which has taken in more than one historian.
Initially too, he was equally unimpressed by Hess’s god, Adolf Hitler.
Dietrich Eckart (see left) had instructed Hitler in the art of propaganda; Haushofer broadened the scope of his vision and taught him Geo-Politics.
There may well be some substance to this rumour for, according to Gurdjiefl’s leading English disciple, J. G. Bennett (see right), Gurdjieff took an extraordinary interest in the Third Reich and declared that the events it precipitated were of profound significance for humanity.
Now Haushofer introduced him to a new combination: the wisdom of Gurdjieff, derived from Sufi mystics (see right) and Tibetan lamas, and the Zen mysticism of the Japanese Green Dragon Society.
In most human beings, these chakras (see left) are dormant, but they can be activated by dint of yogic or magical exercises and bring to the practitioner some rather unusual powers, most notably that of being able to impose one’s will upon others.