The Occult History of the Third Reich
Who knoweth the mysteries of the Will and its vigour ?
For God is but a great Will pervading all things by the nature of its intentness.
Man doth not yield himself to the Angels nor to Death uterly, save only through the weakness of his feeble Will !
Joseph Glanvill – (1636–1680)
The first roots of Nazism can be traced back to 1900 when Jörg Lanz von Liebenfels founded a group called the Order of the New Templars.
Lanz’s Templars chose the swastika as their sign, and concerned themselves with topics such as race superiority, astrology, homeopathy, and nutrition.
In 1908, Guido von List, who had been a teacher of Lanz’s, founded an organization known as the Armanen.
List was the first popular writer to combine völkisch ideology (völkisch being an extreme German nationalist movement of the time) with occultism, and he thought of himself as the link with an ancient race of Germanic priests and wise men called the Armanen, whose holiest symbol had been the swastika.
List took the swastika, which to the Germanic people represented an occult symbol for the sun, and made it the symbol for his Armanen as well. Members of the Armanen included the mayor of Vienna, Karl Lueger, and were taught runic occultism by List.
Membership between the Order of the New Templars and the Armanen was often overlapping, and in 1912 members of both cults came together and founded the Germanen Orden.
Following the close of WWI, the Germanen Orden joined forces with another occult society known as Thule.
The symbol of the Thule society was a curved swastika, with a dagger superimposed on top, (see above) which shows the clear link this society bore to both the Armanen and the Orden. One of the most prominent members of Thule was Baron Rudolf von Sebottendorff.
Rudolf Freiherr von Sebottendorff (or von Sebottendorf) was the alias of Adam Alfred Rudolf Glauer (November 9, 1875 – May 8, 1945?), who also occasionally used another alias, Erwin Torre.
He was an important figure in the activities of the Thule Society, a post-World War I German occultist organization that influenced many members of the NSDAP. He was a Freemason and a practitioner of meditation, astrology, numerology, and alchemy.
Glauer was born in Hoyerswerda (located northeast of Dresden in Saxony, Germany), the son of a locomotive engineer from Silesia.
He appears to have worked as a technician in Egypt between 1897–1900, although according to his own account he spent less than a month there in 1900 after a short career as a merchant sailor.
In July of that year he travelled to Turkey, where he settled in 1901 and worked as an engineer on a large estate there.
By 1905 he had returned to Dresden where he married Klara Voss, but the couple divorced in 1907.
The Münchener Post (14 March 1923) reported that he was sentenced as a swindler and forger in 1909, which Goodrick-Clarke (1985: 251) insists is a misprint for 1908.
He became an Ottoman citizen in 1911 and was apparently adopted (under Turkish law) by the expatriate Baron Heinrich von Sebottendorff shortly thereafter.
(for more information obout Ottoman Turkey see ‘The House of Osman‘)
The adoption was later repeated in Germany and its legal validity has been questioned, but it was endorsed by the Sebottendorff family and on this basis he asserted his claim to the Sebottendorff name and to the title of Freiherr.
After fighting on the Ottoman-Turkish side in the First Balkan War, Sebottendorff returned to Germany with a Turkish passport in 1913.
He was exempted from military service during the First World War because of his Ottoman citizenship and because of a wound received during the First Balkan War.
Glauer was initially interested in Theosophy and Freemasonry.
(for more information about Theosophy and Freemasonry. see ‘The Lord of the Harvest‘)
In 1901 he was initiated by a family of Greek-Jewish Freemasons into a lodge which is believed to have been affiliated to the French Rite of Memphis.
Speculations say he might have converted to Sufi Islam, although the evidence (from his own semi-autobiographical writings) is rather tenuous on this point.
In his autobiographical novel Der Talisman des Rosenkreuzers (The Rosicrucian Talisman), Sebottendorff distinguishes between Sufi-influenced Turkish Masonry and conventional Masonry
(for more information about Islam see ‘Islam‘)
By about 1912 he became convinced that he had discovered what he called “the key to spiritual realization”, described by a later historian as “a set of numerological meditation exercises that bear little resemblance to either Sufism or Masonry”.
By 1916, Sebottendorff had attracted only one follower.
In that year, however, he came into contact with the Germanenorden.
The Germanenorden (Germanic or Teutonic Order, not to be confused with the medieval German order of the Teutonic Knights) was a völkisch secret society in early 20th century Germany.
It was founded in Berlin in 1912 by Theodor Fritsch and several prominent German occultists including Philipp Stauff, who held office in the List Society and High Armanen Order as well as Hermann Pohl, who became the Germanenorden’s first leader.
Theodor Fritsch (28 October 1852, Wiedemar – 8 September 1933) was a German political scientist whose views did much to influence popular German opinion against Jews in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
A believer in the absolute superiority of the Aryan race, Fritsch was upset by the changes brought on by rapid industrialization and urbanization, and called for a return to the traditional peasant values and customs of the distant past, which he believed exemplified the essence of the Volk.
One of Fritsch’s major goals was to unite all anti-semitic political parties under a single banner; he wished for anti-semitism to permeate the agenda of every German social and political organization.
This effort proved largely to be a failure, as by 1890 there were over 190 various anti-semitic parties in Germany.
He also had a powerful rival for the leadership of the anti-semites in Otto Böckel, with whom he had a strong personal rivalry.
In 1893, Fritsch published his most famous work, ‘The Handbook of the Jewish Question’, also known as the ‘Anti-Semitic Catechism’, which leveled a number of conspiratorial charges at European Jews and called upon Germans to refrain from intermingling with them.
Vastly popular, the book was read by millions and was in its 49th edition by 1944 (330.000 copies).
The ideas espoused by the work greatly influenced Hitler and the Nazis during their rise to power after World War I.
Fritsch also founded an anti-semitic journal – ‘The Hammer’ (in 1902) and this became the basis of a movement, the Reichshammerbund, in 1912.
His better known book, ‘The Riddle of the Jew’s Success’ was published in English in 1927 under the pseudonym F. Roderich-Stoltheim, and dealt with the negative impact that Jewish values and the centralization of the German economy in Jewish hands had on the German people.
Philipp Stauff (1876-1923) was a prominent German/Austrian journalist and publisher in Berlin.
He was an enthusiastic Armanist, a close friend of Guido von List, and a founding member of the Guido-von-List-Society.
He was also the obituarist for List in the Münchener Beobachter.
Stauff joined the List Society in 1910 and swiftly graduated to the High Armanen Order, the intimate inner circle around List.
In 1912 he became a committee member of the List Society and a generous patron.
He was the chief German representative of the High Armanen Order at Berlin.
His esoteric treatise Runenhäuser (Rune Houses), published in 1912, “extended the Listian thesis of ‘armanist’ relics with the claim that the ancient runic wisdom had been enshrined in the geometric configuration of beams in half-timbered houses throughout Germany”.
He was active in both the Reichshammerbund and the Germanenorden (pre-World War I völkisch leagues).
He was one of the principal officers in the loyalist Berlin province of the original Germanenorden after a splinter group led by Hermann Pohl broke away in 1916.
Germanenorden was a clandestine movement aimed at the uppper echelons of society and was a sister movement to the more open and mainstream Reichshammerbund.
The order, whose symbol was a swastika, had a hierarchical fraternal structure based on Freemasonry.
Local groups of the sect met to celebrate the summer solstice, an important neopagan festivity in völkisch circles (and later in Nazi Germany), and more regularly to read the Eddas as well as some of the German mystics.
In addition to occult and magical philosophies, it taught to its initiates nationalist ideologies of Nordic racial superiority and antisemitism, then rising throughout the Western world
As was becoming increasingly typical of völkisch organisations, it required its candidates to prove that they had no non-Aryan bloodlines and required from each a promise to maintain purity of his stock in marriage.
In 1916, during World War I, the Germanenorden split into two parts.
Eberhard von Brockhusen became the Grand Master of the “loyalist” Germanenorden.
Pohl, previously the order’s Chancellor, founded a schismatic offshoot: the Germanenorden Walvater of the Holy Grail.
He was joined in the same year by Rudolf von Sebottendorff.
Sebottendorff was also an admirer of Guido von List and Lanz von Liebenfels.
Convinced that the Islamic and Germanic mystical systems shared a common Aryan root, he was attracted by Pohl’s runic lore and became the Master of the Walvater’s Bavarian province late in 1917.
The Munich lodge of the Germanenorden Walvater when it was formally dedicated on August 18, 1918 was given the cover name, the Thule Society, which became increasingly political, and in 1918 established a political party, the German Workers’ Party.
This party was joined in 1919 by Adolf Hitler, who transformed it into the National Socialist German Workers’ Party or Nazi Party.
Sebottendorf was also the owner of the ‘Völkischer Beobachter’, which Hitler bought in 1921. The paper was to become Hitler’s most important propaganda tool.
By then, however, Sebottendorff had left the Thule Society and Bavaria, having been accused of negligence in allegedly allowing the names of several key Thule Society members to fall into the hands of the government of the short-lived Bavarian Soviet Republic, resulting in the execution of seven members after the attack on the Munich government in April 1919, an accusation that he never denied.
Sebottendorff fled Germany for Switzerland and then Turkey.
After leaving Germany, Sebottendorff published ‘Die Praxis der alten türkischen Freimauerei: Der Schlüssel zum Verständnis der Alchimie’ (“The practice of ancient Turkish Freemasonry: The key to the understanding of alchemy”), and then, in 1925, ‘Der Talisman des Rosenkreuzers’, a semi-autobiographical novel which is the main source for his earlier life.
He returned to Germany in January 1933, and published ‘Bevor Hitler kam: Urkundlich aus der Frühzeit der Nationalsozialistischen Bewegung’ – (Before Hitler Came: Documents from the Early Days of the National Socialist Movement), – dealing with the Thule Society and the DAP. Hitler himself understandably disliked this book, which was banned. Sebottendorff was arrested, but somehow escaped (presumably due to some friendship from his Munich days) and in 1934 returned to Turkey, wher he died on May 8, 1945.
The Thule Society (German: Thule-Gesellschaft), originally the Studiengruppe für germanisches Altertum (“Study Group for Germanic Antiquity”), was a German occultist and völkisch group in Munich, named after a mythical northern country from Greek legend.
The Society is notable chiefly as the organization that sponsored the Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (DAP), which was later transformed by Adolf Hitler into the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (Nazi Party).
A number of Thule members were associated with Adolf Hitler, most notably Rudolf Hess and Dietrich Eckart, and it is probable that Hitler attended meeting of the group, which were held at the Hotel Vier Jahreszeiten in Munich.
The occultists believed Hitler to be the prophesied “redeemer of Germany”.
They were Hitler’s first “disciples” and as such were crucial to his meteoric rise.
The Thule Society was originally a “Germanic study group” headed by Walter Neuhaus, a wounded World War I veteran turned art student from Berlin who had become a keeper of pedigrees for the Germanenorden (or “Order of Teutons”), a secret society founded in 1911 and formally named in the following year.
In 1917 Neuhaus moved to Munich; his Thule-Gesellschaft was to be a cover-name for the Munich branch of the Germanenorden, but events developed differently as a result of a schism in the Order. In 1918, Neuhaus was contacted in Munich by Rudolf von Sebottendorf (or von Sebottendorff), an occultist and newly elected head of the Bavarian province of the schismatic offshoot, known as the Germanenorden Walvater of the Holy Grail.
The two men became associates in a recruitment campaign, and Sebottendorff adopted Neuhaus’s Thule Society as a cover-name for his Munich lodge of the Germanenorden Walvater at its formal dedication on 18 August 1918.
A primary focus of Thule-Gesellschaft was a claim concerning the origins of the Aryan race. In 1917 people who wanted to join the “Germanic Order”, out of which the Thule Society developed in 1918, had to sign a special “blood declaration of faith” concerning the lineage:
“The signer hereby swears to the best of his knowledge and belief that no Jewish or coloured blood flows in either his or in his wife’s veins, and that among their ancestors are no members of the coloured races.”
‘Thule’ (Greek – Θούλη) was a land located by Greco-Roman geographers in the furthest north (often displayed as Iceland).
The term “Ultima Thule” ((Latin): most distant Thule) is also mentioned by the Roman poet Virgil in his pastoral poems called the Georgics.
Although originally Thule was probably the name for Scandinavia, Virgil simply uses it as a proverbial expression for the edge of the known world, and his mention should not be taken as a substantial reference to Scandinavia.
These ideas derived from earlier speculation by Ignatius L. Donnelly that a lost landmass had once existed in the Atlantic, and that it was the home of the Aryan race, a theory he supported by reference to the distribution of swastika motifs.
He identified this with Plato’s Atlantis, a theory further developed by Helena Blavatsky * (see below and right), an occultist during the second part of the 19th century.
Ignatius Loyola Donnelly (November 3, 1831 – January 1, 1901) was a U.S. Congressman, known primarily now for his theories concerning Atlantis, Donnelly’s work had important influence on the writings of late 19th and early 20th century figures such as Helena Blavatsky, Rudolf Steiner.
The Thule Society attracted about 250 followers in Munich and about 1,500 in greater Bavaria.
Its meetings were often held in the luxury Hotel Vierjahreszeiten in Munich.
The followers of the Thule Society were, by Sebottendorff’s own admission, little interested in occultist theories, instead they were interested in racism and combating Jews and Communists. Nevertheless, Sebottendorff planned and failed to kidnap the Bavarian socialist prime minister, Kurt Eisner, in December 1918.
On 26 April the Communist government in Munich raided the Society’s premises and took seven of its members into custody, brutally executing them on 30 April.
Amongst them were Walter Nauhaus and four well-known aristocrats including Countess Heila von Westarp (left), a young woman who functioned as the group’s secretary, and Prince Gustav of Thurn and Taxis who was related to several European royal families.
In response, the Thule organised a citizens’ uprising as White troops entered the city on 1 May.
In 1918, the Thule Society bought a local weekly newspaper, ‘The Münchener Beobachter’ (Munich Observer), and changed its name to ‘Münchener Beobachter und Sportblatt’ (Munich Observer and Sports Paper) in an attempt to improve its circulation.
The Münchener Beobachter later became the ‘Völkischer Beobachter’ (People’s Observer), the main Nazi newspaper. It was edited by Karl Harrer.
Karl Harrer (8 October 1890 – 5 September 1926) was a German journalist and politician, one of the founding members of the “Deutsche Arbeiterpartei” (“German Workers’ Party”, DAP) in 1919, the party that later became the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP).
Harrer was also a member of the Thule Society, which gave him the task of founding a “Politischer Arbeiterzirkel” (“political workers’ circle”), an order he carried out together with Anton Drexler in October 1918.
Harrer became the party’s first chairman (adopting the title of “Reichsvorsitzender”); however, his plans to continue the DAP as a secret society similar to the Thule Society collided with Adolf Hitler’s, who had also joined the party.
Towards the end of 1919, their rivalry became more and more apparent; Harrer accused Hitler of megalomania, and ultimately resigned from all party offices and left the party after pressure from Hitler on January 5, 1920. The chairmanship passed first to vice chairman Drexler (right), and to Hitler himself in 1921.
On 5 January 1919 Anton Drexler, who had developed links between the Thule Society and various extreme right workers’ organizations in Munich, together with the Thule Society’s Karl Harrer, established the Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (DAP), or German Workers’ Party.
Adolf Hitler joined this party later in the same year.
By the end of February 1920, the DAP had been reconstituted as the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP), or National Socialist German Workers’ Party, generally known as the “Nazi Party”.
Sebottendorff had by then left the Thule Society, and never joined the DAP or the Nazi Party.
Early in 1920 Karl Harrer was forced out of the DAP as Hitler moved to sever the party’s link with the Thule Society, which subsequently fell into decline and was dissolved about five years later, well before Hitler came to power.
Rudolf von Sebottendorff had withdrawn from the Thule Society in 1919, but in 1933 he returned to Germany in the hope of reviving it.
In that year he published a book entitled ‘Bevor Hitler kam’ (Before Hitler Came), in which he claimed that the Thule Society had paved the way for the Führer: “Thulers were the ones to whom Hitler first came, and Thulers were the first to unite themselves with Hitler.”
This claim was not favourably received by the Nazi authorities: after 1933, esoteric organisations (including völkisch occultists) were suppressed, many closed down by anti-Masonic legislation in 1935.
Nonetheless, it demonstratebly true that many Thule members, and their ideas, were incorporated into the Third Reich.
Some of the Thule Society’s teachings were expressed in the books of Alfred Rosenberg (right), and many occult ideas found favour with Heinrich Himmler who had a great interest in mysticism.
And, of course, the swastika, first used in Völkisch circles by List, and symbol of the Thule Gesellschaft, became the emblem of the Third Reich.
The word Swastika means ‘source’ amongst other definitions, and represents eternal cause or the fountain of creation.
The Vril Force or Vril Energy was said to be derived from the Black Sun, – represented as a Swastika made up of Sig runes – which supposedly exists in the center of the Earth, giving light to the Vril-ya and putting out radiation in the form of Vril.
Vril is a substance first described in Edward Bulwer-Lytton’s 1871 novel ‘The Coming Race’, which was later reprinted as ‘Vril: The Power of the Coming Race’.
The novel is an early example of science fiction. However, many early readers believed that its account of a superior subterranean master race and the energy-form called “Vril” was accurate, to the extent that some theosophists accepted the book as truth.
The vril Race was originally published anonymously in late 1871, but Bulwer-Lytton was known to be the author.
Samuel Butler’s ‘Erewhon’, (Nowhere – in reverse) was also published anonymously, in March 1872, and Butler suspected that its initial success was due to it being taken by many as a sequel by Bulwer-Lytton to ‘The Coming Race’.
The uses of Vril in the novel amongst the Vril-ya vary from an agent of destruction to a healing substance.
According to Zee, the daughter of the narrator’s host, Vril can be changed into the mightiest agency over all types of matter, both animate and inanimate.
It can destroy like lightning or replenish life, heal, or cure.
It is used to rend ways through solid matter.
Its light is said to be steadier, softer and healthier than that from any flammable material.
It can also be used as a power source for animating mechanisms. Vril can be harnessed by use of the Vril staff or mental concentration.
A Vril staff is an object in the shape of a wand or a staff which is used as a channel for Vril.
It is also said that if army met army and both had command of the Vril-force, both sides would be annihilated.
Helena Blavatsky * (see below & left) , the founder of Theosophy, endorsed this view in her book ‘Isis Unveiled’ (1877) and again in ‘Die Geheimlehre’ (The Secret Doctrine – 1888).
In Blavatsky, the Vril power and its attainment by a superhuman elite are worked into a mystical doctrine of race.
The racial ideas of Madame Blavatsky, concerning root races and the emergence of a spiritually-developed type of human being in the Aquarian Age, were avidly accepted by the nineteenth-century German nationalists who mixed Theosophical occultism with anti-Semitism and the doctrine of the racial supremacy of the Aryan or Indo-European peoples.
It is associate with Nazi occultism and antigravity or free energy research.
Allegedly an experiment carried out by Third Reich scientists working for the SS in a German facility known as Der Riese near the Wenceslaus mine. Die Glocke is described as being a device “made out of a hard, heavy metal” approximately 9 feet wide and 12 to 15 feet high having a shape similar to that of a large bell. This device ostensibly contained two counter-rotating cylinders which would be “filled with a mercury-like substance – “Element 115”. Additional substances said to be employed in the experiments, referred to as Leichtmetall (light metal), “included thorium and beryllium peroxides”. Die Glocke emitted strong radiation when activated.
The Berlin Vril Society was in fact a sort of inner circle of the Thule Society.Its leading light was Karl Haushofer, and members included Alfred Rosenberg, Dr Theodor Morrel, later the Führer’s doctor, Heinrich Himmler, Hermann Goering, and Hitler himself. It was also thought to be in close contact with the English group known as the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn.
The Vril Society in Germany believed that Aryans were the actual biological ancestors of the Black Sun – which is a form of Swastika
This is the force that the Nazis and their inner occult circle were so desperately trying to unleash upon the world, for which the Vril Society had apparently groomed Adolf Hitler.
The idea of mutation and transformation into a higher form of a “god-man” was envisioned, through the Vril-ya, in Buller-Lytton’s ‘The Coming Race’.
Lytton, himself, was an initiate of the Rosicrucians and was well versed in the arcane-esoteric philosophies (and of course the greatest advances in the sciences of his day).
Through his romantic works of fiction he expressed the conviction that there are beings endowed with superhuman powers. These beings will supplant us and bring about a formidable mutation in the elect of the human race.”
But now back to the Swastika – Heinrich Schliemann discovered the symbol of the Swastika in the site of ancient Troy and associated it with the ancient migrations of Proto-Indo-Europeans. He connected it with similar shapes found on ancient pots in Germany, and theorized that the swastika was a “significant religious symbol of our remote ancestors”, linking Germanic, Greek and Indo-Iranian cultures.
By the early 20th century, it was used worldwide and was regarded as a symbol of good luck and success, and the swastika is seen on binders of pre-Nazi era publications of works by Rudyard Kipling.
The work of Schliemann soon became intertwined with the völkisch movements, for which the swastika was a symbol of the “Aryan race”, a concept that came to be equated by theorists such as Alfred Rosenberg with a Nordic master race originating in northern Europe.
By a strange coincidence – or maybe not – the Benedictine choir school at Lambach Abbey, Upper Austria, which Hitler attended for several months as a boy, had a swastika chiseled into the monastery portal and also the wall above the spring grotto in the courtyard by 1868.
Their origin was the personal coat of arms of Abbot Theoderich Hagn of the monastery in Lambach, which bore a golden swastika with slanted points on a blue field.
The Lambach swastika is probably of Medieval origin.
THULE & ANTI-SEMITISM
The goal of Thule members was to break the barrier of the “small self” – consisting of physical reality and (upon promotion to their inner circle) moral constraints – so as to merge with the “divine self” in the unseen spirit realm.
That in turn allowed the initiate to reach the “universal energy fields” which would “awaken the sleeping powers within” and access superhuman psychic abilities which had once belonged to the proud Aryan race.
Attainment to this new level would lead to their thousand-year mastery over the earth.
Thulist powers were embodied in pagan deities, specifically Wotan; their symbols
were the swastika (an ancient “rune” symbolizing the sun, the moving wheel of life and the process of transmutation – see left) and the eagle (which Sebottendorf defined as the symbol of the death-to-life experience).
When Hitler joined the Society, Thule member Dietrich Eckart prophesied that the day had come; he began introducing him in Munich occult circles as “the long-awaited saviour”.
To Alfred Rosenberg he said: “I believe in Hitler; above him there hovers a star.”
Eckart was following his own mission revealed to him in a séance: that ‘the strong one from above’ (stark von obern) would soon make his appearance as a German messiah to “lead the Aryan race to final victory over the Jews”, he, Eckart, was charged with the responsibility of “nurturing” him
* Helena Blavatsky
Helena Petrovna Blavatsky was born in the Ukraine in 1831, and after various wanderings and adventures, including marriage, landed in New York in 1873, proclaiming an interest in, and knowledge of, Eastern esoteric doctrines.
In 1878, Madame Blavatsky and Colonel Olcott sailed to India, where the Theosophical Society met with unexpected success.
After some years of acclaim, and then a series of scandals involving allegations that Blavatsky’s boasted mediumistic powers were fraudulent, she returned to Europe, where she died in 1891.
After her death, the Theosophical Society fell into the hands of Anna Kingsford (see left) and Edward Maitland, but continued to flourish until Annie Besant (see right) and C. W. Leadbeater produced a bogus World Messiah, Krishnamurti, who was eventually moved to repudiate publicly the role thrust upon him.
This brought Theosophy into ridicule, from which it never fully recovered, though even today it has a considerable following.
The Theosophical Society was, and is, of little consequence in itself, and is significant only insofar as it transmitted on a very large scale the doctrines contained in Madame Blavatsky’s astonishing books, ‘Isis Unveiled’ (1877) and ‘Die Geheimlehre’ (The Secret Doctrine – 1888).
Madame Blavatsky went so far as to claim that the composition of her books was assisted by clairvoyance, and that obscure works and quotations had suddenly appeared in obedience to her needs and desires; that she was familiar with ‘the oldest book in the world’, the incalculably ancient ‘Stanzas of Dzyan’ (see left); and that Hidden Masters were in regular communication with her person.
Needless to say, these claims have been disputed, but whatever the sources of Blavatsky’s inspiration, and whatever else she may have been, the woman was not a mere charlatan, for no charlatan could possibly have written her exquisite mystical masterpiece, ‘The Voice of The Silence’
The fact remains that Madame Blavatsky’s writings had influence far beyond that which is usually assigned to them.They challenged Christianity, which Blavatsky loathed, and proclaimed in its stead a Westernised Hinduism, with its attractive doctrines of reincarnation and karma.They led people to seek alternatives to the Christian religion, and to suspect the existence of non-material occult forces, as mysterious and intangible as electricity, thus preparing the way in the popular mind for future scientific investigation.
However, three assertions in particular demand our attention.
Whereas Nietzsche taught that the Superman is the imminent next stage in human evolution, Blavatsky announced that Supermen already existed, that they were the Hidden Masters who inhabited Central Asia, and that they could be contacted telepathically by those who had been initiated into their mysteries.
Whereas the chemists and physicists taught that there was little more to learn about a universe of matter, Blavatsky insisted that there was much more to learn about a universe of spirit, which could act upon the former.
And whereas biologists taught that man evolved from the apes, Blavatsky proclaimed that there have been four root races prior to our own, which included the ancient civilisations of lost Lemuria and Atlantis, that evolution has been assisted by divine kings from the stars, that the Aryans are the purest of the fifth root race, and, more sinisterly, that the Jews are a degenerate link between the fourth arid fifth root races, and hence are sub-human, a proposition with which Adolf Hitler concurred.
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