Adolf Hitler was born at the Gasthof zum Pommer, an inn in Braunau am Inn, Austria-Hungary, on April 20, 1889, the fourth child of six.
Their grandson was Martin Hiedler (17 November 1762 – 10 January 1829), who married Anna Maria Göschl (August 23, 1760 – 7 December 1854).
Martin and Anna were the parents of at least three children, Lorenz, in which there is no further information, Johan Georg (baptised 28 February 1792 – 9 February 1857), who is the stepfather of Alois Hitler (father of Adolf), and Johann Nepomuk (28 February 1792 – September 17, 1888), a maternal great grandfather of Adolf Hitler.
They were from Spital, Austria.
Brothers Johann Georg and Johann Nepomuk Hiedler are connected to Adolf Hitler several ways, although the biological relationship is disputed.
Johann Georg was considered the officially accepted paternal grandfather of Adolf Hitler by the Third Reich.
Whether Johann Georg was in fact Hitler’s biological paternal grandfather is considered unknown by modern historians, but his case is the most plausible and widely accepted.
He married his first wife in 1824 but she died in childbirth five months later.
In 1842, he married Maria Anna Schicklgruber and became the legal stepfather to her illegitimate five year old son, Alois.
Johann Nepomuk Hiedler (also known as Johann Nepomuk Hüttler) was named after a Bohemian Saint Johann von Nepomuk.
Some view this name as evidence that Johann Nepomuk and subsequently his great-grandson Adolf Hitler had some Czech blood, however, Johann von Pomuk/Johann Nepomuk, was an important saint for Bohemians of both German and Czech ethnicity.
Using Nepomuk just indicates ties to Bohemia, without indication of ethnicity.
Johann Nepomuk became a relatively prosperous farmer and was married to Eva Maria Decker (1792–1888) who was fifteen years his senior.
The actual father of Alois Hitler is disputed.
Legally, Johann Nepomuk was the step-uncle of Alois Schicklgruber (later Alois Hitler), the stepson of his brother Johann Georg Hiedler, a wandering miller.
For reasons unknown, he took in Alois when he was a boy and raised him.
It is possible that he was, in fact, Alois’ natural father but could not acknowledge this publicly due to his marriage.
Another, and perhaps simpler, explanation for this kindness is that Johann Nepomuk took pity on the ten year old Alois and took him in.
Alois was, after all, the stepson of Johann Georg, and Johann Nepomuk may have known that in fact Alois was Johann Georg’s natural child.
After the death of Alois’ mother Maria, it could hardly have been a suitable life for a ten-year old child to be raised by an itinerant miller. Johann Nepomuk died on September 17, 1888.
In any case, Johann Nepomuk left Alois a considerable portion of his life savings. Johann Nepomuk’s granddaughter, Klara had a longstanding affair with Alois before marrying him in 1885 after the death of his second wife. In 1889 she gave birth to Adolf Hitler.
It was later claimed Johann Georg had fathered Alois prior to his marriage to Maria, although Alois had been declared illegitimate on his birth certificate and baptism papers; the claim that Johann Georg was the true father of Alois was not made after the marriage of Maria and Johann Georg, or, indeed, even during the lifetime of either of them.
In 1877, twenty years after the death of Johann Georg and almost thirty years after the death of Maria, Alois was legally declared to have been Johann Georg’s son.
Accordingly, Johann Georg Hiedler is one of three people most cited by modern historians as having possibly been the actual paternal grandfather of Adolf Hitler.
The other two are Johann Nepomuk Hiedler, the younger brother of Johann Georg, and a Graz Jew by the name of Leopold Frankenberger.
In the 1950s, this third possibility was popular among historians, but modern historians now think it highly unlikely as the Jews were expelled from Graz in the fifteenth century and were not permitted to return until the 1860s, several decades after Alois’ birth.
Hitler’s father, Alois Hitler (1837–1903), was a customs official, and Hitler’s mother, Klara Pölzl (1860–1907), was Alois’ third wife.
She was also his half-niece, so a papal dispensation (both individuals were Roman Catholic) was obtained for the marriage.
Hitler’s father, Alois Hitler, was an illegitimate child.
For the first 39 years of his life he bore his mother’s surname, Schicklgruber.
In 1876, he took the surname of his stepfather, Johann Georg Hiedler.
The name was spelled Hiedler, Huetler, Huettler and Hitler, and was probably regularized to Hitler by a clerk.
The origin of the name is either “one who lives in a hut” (Standard German Hütte), “shepherd” (Standard German hüten “to guard”, English heed), or is from the Slavic word Hidlar and Hidlarcek. (Regarding the first two theories: some German dialects make little or no distinction between the ü-sound and the i-sound.)
Allied propaganda exploited Hitler’s original family name during World War II.
Pamphlets bearing the phrase “Heil Schicklgruber” were airdropped over German cities.
He was legally born a Hitler, however, and was also related to Hiedler via his maternal grandmother, Johanna Hiedler.
All of Adolf’s older siblings – Gustav, Ida, and Otto – died before reaching three years of age and only Adolf and his sister Paula (see left and right), seven years his junior, reached adulthood.
Hitler’s father also had a son, Alois, Jr., and a daughter, Angela, by his second wife who were therefore Hitler’s half-brother and half-sister.
The name “Adolf” comes from Old High German for “noble wolf” (Adel=nobility + wolf), hence, one of Hitler’s self-given nicknames was Wolf or Herr Wolf; he began using this nickname in the early 1920s and was addressed by it only by intimates (as “Uncle Wolf” by the Wagners) up until the fall of the Third Reich.
The names of his various headquarters scattered throughout continental Europe (Wolfsschanze in East Prussia, Wolfsschlucht in France, Werwolf in Ukraine, etc.) reflect this.
By his closest family and relatives, Hitler was known as “Adi”.
At the age of three, his family moved to Kapuzinerstrasse 5 in Passau, Germany.
There, Hitler would acquire a Bavarian dialect of Austro-Bavarian rather than an Austrian dialect.
In 1894, the family relocated to Leonding near Linz, and in June 1895, Alois retired to a small landholding at Hafeld near Lambach, where he tried his hand at farming and beekeeping.
During this time, the young Hitler attended school in nearby Fischlham.
As a child, he played “Cowboys and Indians” under the inspiration of the boy’s fiction writer Karl May (see left) and, by his own account, became fixated on war after finding a picture book about the Franco-Prussian War among his father’s belongings.
His father’s farming efforts at Hafeld ended in failure, and in 1897 the family moved to Lambach
Hitler had a troubled childhood, as his father was violent to him and violent towards his mother.
Hitler himself said that, as a boy, he was often beaten by his father. Years later, he told his secretary: “I then resolved never again to cry when my father whipped me.
A few days later I had the opportunity of putting my will to the test. My mother, frightened, took refuge in front of the door.
As for me, I counted silently the blows of the stick which lashed my rear end”.
Some historians believe a history of family violence committed by his father against his mother is indicated in a section of his book ‘Mein Kampf’ in which Hitler describes in vivid detail an anonymous example of family violence committed by a husband against a wife.
This along with beatings by his father against him could explain Hitler’s deep emotional attachment to his mother while at the same time having deep resentment towards his father.
Hitler’s father’s farming efforts at Hafeld ended in failure, and in 1897 the family moved to Lambach.
Hitler attended a Catholic school in an 11th-century Benedictine cloister.
In Lambach the eight-year-old Hitler also sang in the church choir, took singing lessons, and even entertained thoughts of one day becoming a priest.
In 1898, the family returned permanently to Leonding.
On 2 February 1900 Hitler’s younger brother, Edmund, died of measles, deeply affecting Hitler, whose character changed from being confident and outgoing and an excellent student, to a morose, detached, and sullen boy who constantly fought his father and his teachers.
In the sixth grade, his first year of high school (Realschule) in Linz he failed and had to repeat the grade.
His teachers said that he had “no desire to work”.
For one school year he was a student there at the same time as Ludwig Wittgenstein, one of the greatest philosophers of the 20th century.
It is a matter of controversy whether Hitler and Wittgenstein even knew of each other, and if so whether either had any memory of the other.
Hitler later said that his educational slump was a rebellion against his father, who wanted the boy to follow him in a career as a customs official; he wanted to become a painter instead.
This explanation is further supported by Hitler’s later description of himself as a misunderstood artist.
German Nationalism became an obsession for Hitler, and a way to rebel against his father, who proudly served the Austrian government.
Most residents living along the German-Austrian border considered themselves German-Austrians, whereas Hitler expressed loyalty only to Germany.
In defiance of the Austrian monarchy, and his father who continually expressed loyalty to it, Hitler and his friends used the German greeting “Heil”, and sang the German anthem “Deutschland Über Alles” instead of the Austrian Imperial anthem.
In Mein Kampf, Hitler attributed his conversion to German nationalism to a time during his early teenage years when he read a book of his father’s about the Franco-Prussian War, which caused him to question why his father and other German Austrians failed to fight for the Germans during the war.
After Alois’ sudden death on 3 January 1903, Hitler’s behaviour at the technical school became even more disruptive, and he was asked to leave in 1904.
He enrolled at the Realschule in Steyr in September 1904, but upon completing his second year, he and his friends went out for a night of celebration and drinking.
Aged 15, Hitler took part in his First Communion on Whitsunday, 22 May 1904, at the Linz Cathedral. His sponsor was Emanuel Lugert, a friend of his late father.
It was at this time that Hitler began his friendship with August Kuzibek.
At age 16, Hitler dropped out of high school without a diploma.
From 1905, Hitler lived a bohemian life in Vienna with financial support from orphan’s benefits and his mother.
He was rejected twice by the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna (1907–1908), because of his “unfitness for painting”, and was recommended to study architecture.
Following this recommendation, he intended to pursue architectural studies, yet he lacked the academic credentials required for architecture school.
On 21 December 1907, Hitler’s mother died of breast cancer at age 47.
Ordered by a court in Linz, Hitler gave his share of the orphan’s benefits to his sister Paula.
At the age of 21, he inherited money from an aunt.
He then worked as an artist in Vienna selling his paintings to merchants and tourists.
After being rejected a second time by the Academy of Arts, Hitler ran out of money.
In 1909, he lived in a shelter for the homeless, and by 1910, he had settled into a house for poor working men on Meldemannstraße.
Another resident of the shelter, Reinhold Hanisch (see left – painting by Adolf Hitler), sold Hitler’s paintings until the two men had a bitter falling-out.
Hitler received the final part of his father’s estate in May 1913 and moved to Munich.
In Munich, he further pursued his interest in architecture and the writings of Houston Stewart Chamberlain. Moving to Munich also helped him avoid military service in Austria, but the Munich police in cooperation with the Austrian authorities eventually arrested him for dodging the draft.
After a physical exam and a contrite plea, he was deemed unfit for service and allowed to return to Munich, however, when Germany entered World War I in August 1914, he successfully petitioned King Ludwig III (see right above) of Bavaria for permission to serve in a Bavarian regiment, and enlisted in the Bavarian army.
Hitler served as a runner on the Western Front in France and Belgium in the Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment 16.
He experienced major combat, including the First Battle of Ypres, the Battle of the Somme, the Battle of Arras and the Battle of Passchendaele.
Hitler was twice decorated for bravery, receiving the Iron Cross, Second Class, in 1914 and Iron Cross, First Class, in 1918 (see right).
On 15 October 1918, Hitler was temporarily blinded by a mustard gas attack, but it has also been suggested that he suffered from conversion disorder.
Hitler described the war as “the greatest of all experiences” and he was praised by his commanding officers for his bravery.
The experience made Hitler a passionate German patriot, and he was shocked by Germany’s capitulation in November 1918.
Like many other German nationalists, Hitler believed in the Dolchstoßlegende (Stab-in-the-back legend), which claimed that the army, “undefeated in the field,” had been “stabbed in the back” by civilian leaders and Marxists back on the home front, later dubbed the November Criminals.
After World War I, Hitler remained in the army and returned to Munich, where he attended the funeral march for the murdered Bavarian prime minister Kurt Eisner.
After the suppression of the Bavarian Soviet Republic, he took part in “national thinking” courses organized by the Education and Propaganda Department of the Bavarian Reichswehr under Captain Karl Mayr.
In July 1919, Hitler was appointed Verbindungsmann (intelligence agent) of an Aufklärungskommando (reconnaissance commando) of the Reichswehr, both to influence other soldiers and to infiltrate the German Workers’ Party (DAP).
While he studied the activities of the DAP (see left), Hitler became impressed with founder Anton Drexler’s (see right) antisemitic, nationalist, anti-capitalist and anti-Marxist ideas.
Drexler favoured a strong active government, a “non-Jewish” version of socialism and solidarity among all members of society.
Drexler was impressed with Hitler’s oratory skills and invited him to join the DAP, which Hitler accepted on 12 September 1919, becoming its 55th member.
At the DAP, Hitler met Dietrich Eckart, one of its early founders and member of the occult Thule Society.
Eckart became Hitler’s mentor, exchanging ideas with him, teaching him how to dress and speak, and introducing him to a wide range of people.
Hitler thanked Eckart and paid tribute to him in the second volume of Mein Kampf.
To increase the party’s appeal, the party changed its name to the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (National Socialist German Workers Party; NSDAP) – (see right).
Hitler was discharged from the army in March 1920 and with his former superiors’ encouragement began participating full time in the party’s activities.
By early 1921, Hitler had become highly effective at speaking in front of large crowds.
In February, Hitler spoke to a crowd of nearly six thousand in Munich.
To publicize the meeting, two truckloads of party supporters drove around waving swastikas and throwing leaflets.
Hitler soon gained favour for his polemic speeches against the Treaty of Versailles (see left), rival politicians, and especially directed against against Marxists and Jews.
The NSDAP was centred in Munich, a hotbed of German nationalists, including Army officers determined to crush Marxism and undermine the Weimar Republic.
Gradually they noticed Hitler and his growing movement as a suitable vehicle for their goals.
And the rest – so they say – is history – or is it ?
Hitler’s Early Life
The room was shared by Hitler and a friend from his school-days, August Kubizek (see left).
It was an area steeped in poverty and well known for its inbreeding. It was also a town which had produced a surprising number of spiritualist mediums, including the famous Schneider brothers (1).
Perhaps something more sinister than simple peasant frolicking was occurring in the woods and hills around the town.
In 1842 Maria Anna Schicklgruber married Johan Georg Hiedler; the name was originally Czech.
In 1877, Alois Schicklgruber had his step-father’s name, Heidler, inserted into his birth certificate, by the local priest.
The name, however, was misspelt as ‘Hitler’, and from then on Hitler’s father was known as Alois Hitler (see right).
(right – Hitler’s first schoolroom)
According to Hitler’s later reminiscences, his father was strict and their relationship lacked any normal warmth.
Hitler was only six years old when his father retired from the Austrian Civil Service and bought a farm in Lambach.
At eight years of age Hitler was sent to the school of the Monastery of Lambach (see left); Klara Hitler (see right) had hopes of her son becoming a priest; where he revelled in the pomp and solemnity of Catholic ritual.
It was at Lambach that Hitler first saw the swastika (see right below), which appeared on the heraldic arms which decorated the Baroque choir stalls, where he sang in the Monastery Church on feast days.
Like Liebenfels, Hitler was not considered suitable for a religious life despite the fact that he was top of his class.
In 1898, the family moved to Leonding, just outside Linz, and Hitler attended the Gymnasium at nearby Steyr.
It was there that the young Adolf met August Kubizek; probably the only close, personal friend he ever had.
In 1902, when Hitler was thirteen years old, his father died.
At school his academic work deteriorated and he became moody and difficult.
His mother, who had never been firm with him, was now unable to control him, and although he was no delinquent, he was self willed and obstinate.
Strangely Hitler attended the school at the same time as the young Wittgenstein (see right) – they were born six days apart – however they were not in the same class as Hitler had to repeat a year.
There is no evidence that they were on friendly or unfriendly terms, although some odd theories have been published suggesting that Wittgenstein was the source of Hitler’s anti-Semitism.
There is, in fact, little evidence that Hitler was any more anti-Semitic that the majority of gentile Christian Austrians in his youth.
(1) Willi and Rudi Schneider were born in Braunau.
Their father was a Linotype compositor who lived with his wife and six sons, close by his workshop.
Willi, the elder brother, first went into trances in 1919, when he was sixteen.
Willi’s control was ‘Olga’, who claimed to have been Lola Montez, the mistress of Ludwig I of Bavaria.
Willi was capable of producing materialisations of spirits and despite being tested under rigorous scientific conditions in Munich, Vienna and London from 1922 until 1927, no explanation has been advanced for such phenomena.
Willi’s powers faded after 1927, but Rudi’s then began to develop. Rudi was also tested under rigorous scientific conditions in Munich,Vienna, Paris and London and no evidence of fraud was ever forthcoming.
After 1934 Rudi’s powers also began to fade, and he died in obscurity in Braunau in 1957.
(2) Leopold Poetsch (or Pötsch) (18 November 1853 – 16 October 1942) was a German Professor and a high school history teacher of Adolf Hitler who influenced the future leader’s later views.
He was also one of the major figures of the German People’s Party.
Poetsch came from the southern German border regions.
There, political struggles between Slavs and ethnic Germans angered him and turned him into a loud and fiery proponent of the Pan-German movement. He began teaching in Maribor, and later moved to Linz to teach history.
Poetsch was Hitler’s teacher from first through third grade (1901–04) in geography, and in second and third grade in history.
He also ran the school library.
As a special privilege, Hitler was allowed to bring his teacher maps, which put him in particularly close contact with him.
Aside from his service at the school, Poetsch was a much sought after official speaker.
He spoke at German national associations but also on the occasion of the emperor’s anniversary in 1908. In 1905, he joined the Linz city council as a representative of the German People’s party.
Hitler became enamored of Poetsch as a teenager, captivated by the professor’s fiery speeches.
Poetsch was a fervent pan-German. Poetsch despised the Habsburgs and forcefully argued that all ethnic Germans should be united by a single government. Like many Austro-Germans, Poetsch wanted to see the old empire break up and Austria join Germany, to the north.
He asserted that the Aryan race was stronger, healthier, and more fit to rule than any other people.
Poetsch declared that Jews and Slavs were what he termed “inferior races”. (This position was not uncommon among impoverished Germans after World War I.)
Hitler was captivated by Poetsch’s teachings and began regularly reading a local anti-Semitic newspaper.
Poetsch captured the imagination of his young students with heroic tales of the ancient Teutons and German victories.
In his later years, Hitler spoke of Poetsch as a “great man.”
As dictator of Germany, Hitler attempted to unite all German-speaking people, just as Poetsch’s lectures had demanded, and persecuted Slavs, Jews, Gypsies, and other minorities, eventually attempting to exterminate them in the “Final Solution”.
Hitler stated that “Poetsch used our budding nationalistic fanaticism as a means of educating us, frequently appealing to us our sense of national honor.”
Under Poetsch, Hitler came to the realization that: “Germanism could be safeguarded only by the destruction of Austria, and, furthermore, the national sentiment is in no sense identical with dynastic patriotism; that above all the house of Habsburg was destined to be the misfortune of the German national.”
Poetsch gave popular slide lectures entitled “Images of German History.”
In them he strongly emphasized the Germanic era and the time of the early German emperors before the rule of the Habsburgs and proceeded to pinpoint the German national awakening up until the Franco-Prussian war.
However, during those Hitler’s teenage years while he may have been inspired by Leopold Poetsch’s class, he was not motivated enough to become involved in politics.
His only obsession was to become an artist.
Shocked by his failure to pass, he was further shaken by the death of his mother.
When Klara Hitler died in December 1907, it was a terrible shock for
her son Adolf Hitler.
The Jewish family doctor Bloch testified that he never met such a desperate soul in his career.
Hitler was granted a yearly allowance and moved from Linz, where he had lived since his father’s death, to Vienna in 1908.
In Vienna he stayed with a certain Frau Zakrey at Stumpergasse 29, with his friend Kubizek, who was nicknamed ‘Gustl’.
Hitler received a student’s pension, because his father had been a civil servant, along with his allowance from his mother’s estate and was, therefore, far from poor, despite his protestations in ‘Mein Kamf’.It appears that at this time Hitler lived the life of a man of leisure, visiting the opera, to hear Wagner, drawing and painting and producing detailed architectural plans for the rebuilding of Vienna and Linz (3).
It is at this time, when Hitler was living at Felberstrasse, that he first came across the writings of Lanz von Liebenfels (see right below) and Houston Stewart Chamberlain.
At the beginning of 1909 he took the opportunity to visit Liebenfels and at the same time caught his first glimpse of the Spear of Longinus in the Schatzkammer in the Hofburg.
At this point, without warning or explanation, Hitler left Kubizek, and despite the fact that he had a reasonable income from his inheritance, as well as savings, he disappeared into a world of ‘drop outs’.
Kubizek (see right below), however, continued his studies : he graduated in 1912 and was hired as second conductor at the city
theater at Marburg-on-the-Drau.
He was geared towards a great career but during WW1 he contracted a serious infection and his health was almost ruined.
After the war, he became a private tutor and municipal secretary in Eferding near Linz.
He never became the great conductor he had longed for.
In April 1938, he met again with Hitler in Linz and the Fuehrer helped him to finance his sons’ education.
In return he was asked by Martin Bormann to write his reminiscences of his life with the Fuhrer.
He produced some 150 pages called “Reminiscences” that were not published and were placed in the NSDAP’s archives.
In 1940, they met again in Bayreuth. and in 1942 he became director of propaganda and regional manager of the “Kraft durch Freude” program of Robert Ley.
After WW2, he was kept in jail during 17 months by the Allies -because of this late appointment.
He was released and in 1953 published a very much edited version of the NSDAP draft, called in its German version “Adolf Hitler, Friend of my Youth”.
But to return to Vienna before the First War, – contrary to ‘Mein Kampf’ and some contemporary accounts, however, Hitler was never poor as he received a pension and money from a deceased aunt.
These were not postcards, as if often stated, but were finished, large scale works of some merit.
Also, strangely, many of Hitler’s customers were relatively wealthy, middle-class Jews.
In 1910, Hitler moved to a Hotel for Professional Working Men – not a ‘down and outs’ flop house as is often stated – at Meldemannstrasse, and yet again tried, and failed to obtain entry to the Academy.
He was a regular customer at a bookshop owned by Ernst Pretzsche – a bookshop which sold Völkisch periodicals, including ‘Ostara‘ edited by Liebenfels.
Pretzsche had been born in Mexico City, of German parents.
His father Wilhelm Pretzsche had been a chemist, who in his spare time had studied the occult law of the Aztecs.
When Ernst returned to Austria, in 1892, he retained his father’s interest in the occult, and proceeded to open a bookshop in Vienna.
The relationship, which had developed between Hitler and Pretzsche was not only a result of their mutual interest in the occult, but was also a matter of business.
In return for providing Hitler with books Pretzsche obtained watercolours from Hitler which he sold.
The paintings and drawings (see right) improved the shop’s atmosphere and often attracted customers, who as well as buying a picture, would often purchase books as well. It was a good working arrangement.
(3) From an early age Hitler was fascinated by the art of architecture, and most of his water colours had architectural subjects.
Unfortunately for Hitler he was unable to gain entry to the Architectural Academy in Vienna due to his lack of academic qualifications.
Hitler’s favourite existing building was the Paris Opera House by Charles Garnier (see left), although its style, Neobaroque, was not used in the buildings Hitler commissioned, and in some cases designed, when he came to power.
Hitler’s favourite living architect was Paul Ludwig Troost (1878-1934) (see right), a disciple of Karl Friederich Schinkel, the Neoclassicist (1781-1841).
Troost designed the Konigsplatz, the Braun Haus and the House of German Art in Munich before his tragic death in 1934.
Troost was succeeded by his pupil, Albert Speer (1905-1981) (see left) as Hitler’s leading architect.
Hitler, Troost and Speer’s architectural style was, not surprisingly, been bitterly criticized for the last forty years.
During the last ten years, with the emergence of Post Modernism, Hitler’s taste has been, rightly vindicated.
Hitler collaborated with Speer in producing massive schemes for the rebuilding of Munich, Nurnberg, Berlin and Hitler’s beloved Linz.
Sadly these schemes only exist as plans and photographs of models.
Pretzsche specialized in books about history, philosophy, politics,art and the occult; all subjects which were of interest to the young Hitler.
In addition Pretzsche was an associate of Guido von List (see left below), and was able to introduce Hitler to the occult groups active in Vienna.
Pretzsche, through his father’s researches had knowledge of, and access to Peyotl; the active constituent of the psychedelic peyote plant indigenous to Central America.
Despite this,it was not Pretzsche, however, who was responsible for introducing Hitler to the world of drug induced psychic awareness, but someone far more mysterious.
Hitler had first encountered Lodz whilst he was in the country.
In an attempt to produce a spontaneous self awakening, Hitler had travelled to a remote country area, where he had camped.
It was there that Lodz had stumbled upon him.
On discovering the purpose of his visit, Lodz had taken Hitler back to his cabin, where he had prepared for him a potion, probably distilled from the active ingredients of the mushroom Amanita muscarina (see left) (4).
Hitler’s experiences with Lodz’s potions, along with Pretzsche’s peyotol were undoubtedly responsible for opening his mind to the relationships existing between the Macrocosm and Microcosm, and taking him on the first steps to an awareness of the existence of powerful, and alien entities.
Once in Munich he used his occult connections in Vienna as a means of facilitating his introduction to similar groups in Munich, and it was in this way that Hitler became acquainted with the Thule Gesellschaft (see left) and Dietrich Eckart (see right).
Despite his involvement with the ‘well-heeled’ in occult circles Hitler continued his apparently poverty stricken life-style, making money from painting scenes of the city and continuing his studies of History Politics and Philosophy.
How long he might have gone on living like this if impossible to tell, but in 1914 the great event arrive, for which Hitler may well have been preparing.
It is probable, though, that the motives behind Hitler’s gratitude were radically different from the majority of his contemporaries.
(4) Amanita muscarina, also known as Fly Agaric is a fungus with a deep red cap marked with white spots.
Its common name derives from the practice, common in Germany, of crumbling pieces of the fungus in a saucer of water which was used to kill flies.
The mushroom was used by Norse warriors in the Dark Ages, its effect being to give them exceptional courage and strength, causing them to go ‘berserk’.
Less aggressive individuals found that the mushroom would grant them glowing visions of supernatural beauty and significance, and therefore the mushroom was regularly used by shamans, witches and magicians, as the centuries passed.
Once in the Army and through his basic training, Hitler volunteered for the dangerous job of Meldeganger or regimental messenger, and throughout the War refused to be promoted above the rank of corporal.
As a result of the First Battle of Ypres, only six hundred men, in Hitler’s regiment, out of an original total of three thousand and five hundred, survived. Hitler himself was later wounded in the thigh at the Somme and spent a short time in a military hospital in Berlin, recovering. Rejoining his regiment he took part in the battle of Arras, and in 1917, visited Berlin and Dresden while on leave.
In August of 1918 Hitler was awarded the Iron Cross, First Class, for his exceptional bravery. There is, in fact, evidence that he won the Iron Cross on two occasions; in one case in recognition of his capture of four French soldiers single handed.
In ‘Mein Kampf’ Hitler describes, in detail, his physical pain along with the anguish and despair he felt when he learned of Germany’s defeat.
While initially the effects of his gassing must have caused him considerable pain, what he fails to tell us is that once the physical pain had subsided, he found himself in a prolonged state of sensory deprivation; known to para-psychologists as ‘the ganzfeld effect’ (5); confined to his bed, unable to see and in the hushed atmosphere of a hospital ward.
Compared to the living hell of the front, with its screaming shells combining with the screams of the mutilated and dying, and the everlasting thundering of the guns, Hitler’s new environment was tailor-made for the psychic experience he sought
According to Hitler, he experienced a ‘vision’ from ‘another world’ while at the hospital (see right).
In that vision, Hitler was told that he would lead Germany back to glory.
On his recovery, in November, he was posted back to Munich.
When he arrived in that city he was a very different man to the one who had left four years before.
During the next year Germany was racked by internal dissent, and after the Kaiser’s abdication (see left), along with the other various Kings, Princes and Arch-Dukes of the Empire, Germany became a republic.
On the 6th of April, 1919, in Bavaria, a Soviet Republic was declared at Munich, following the fall of the Hoffman Government.
The Communist regime was quickly overthrown by troops from the Reichwehr which had been dispatched from Berlin.
During this time of upheaval &amp;amp;amp;amp;amp; uncertainty Hitler was initially stationed at Traunstein, near Munich, as a guard in a prisoner of war camp, &amp;amp;amp;amp;amp; then later was sent back to Munich as a ‘Political Officer’ for the Wehrmacht.
During this time he successfully infiltrated certain Army units which had gone over to the Communists.
When the Communists fell from power, the army turned to informers in order to root out subversive elements, and as a result of information, which Hitler provided, many were executed during the vengeful days which followed.
(5) Since the end of the last War the effects of sensory deprivation have been studied intensively, particularly by Dr. John C Lilly (see left below) in the USA.
It has been found that if all external stimulation can be effectively reduced (the method used by Lilly was to immerse the body in a saline solution at blood temperature in darkness with ‘white noise’ supplied to the ears) the brain would project its consciousness internally and produce symbolic images of remarkable intensity, along with unusual insights, which were remarkably similar to those experienced under the influence of the major psychedelics.
In 1919 the Thule Gesellschaft set up a workers organisation, which subsequently amalgamated with ‘The Committee of Independent Workers’, and became known as the German Nationalist Worker’s Party.
Hitler implies that he first came into contact with this small party which was ostensibly run by the ex-railway engineer Anton Drexler (see left), as the result of an instruction from his superior officer, Konstantin Heirl (see right) (6).
Hitler claimed, in ‘Mein Kampf’, that he came upon the political group, quite by chance.
He recounts, in considerable detail, how he attended his first meeting at the Lieber Room of the Sterneckerbrau in Munich.
Hitler gives a somewhat dismissive picture of this group and describes how, at one point, he apparently entered rather violently into the discussion.
Throughout his account he gives the impression of not knowing the names of any of the members, with the exception of Gottlieb Feder (see right) (7), the economist.
He implies that he was pleased to leave, and had no intention of returning.
When he subsequently received an offer of membership he implies that he was both surprised and unsure as to whether to accept.
Of course, after communing with his ‘droll little friends’, the mice, in his bare barrack room, Hitler did decide to accept this invitation to join, and, as is well known, the German Worker’s Party eventually became the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (National Socialist German Worker’s Party) (see left above).
The rest, as they say, is History.
(6) Heirl is mysterious by virtue of the fact that his date of birth is unknown, along with the fact that at the end of the war he disappeared without trace.
At the time he ordered Hitler to investigate the German Worker’s Party he was probably a clandestine member, although officially his membership postdates that of Hitler.
He subsequently became responsible for the long term planning of the NSDAP.
(7) Gottfried Feder, 1883-1941, joined the German Worker’s Party in 1919.
In 1920 he was instrumental in helping to draw up the famous ‘Twenty-five Articles’, which formed the backbone of the party’s policies.
Feder was essentially an economist, radically ahead of his time, who saw the inherent flaws in industrial society, and particularly its dependence on the concept of interest. In his quest for power Hitler found it necessary to court the rich industrialist, such as Thyssen and Krup, and thus Feder’s influence waned.
Feder continued teaching at University level, but died in relative obscurity
Hitler, of course, was a member of the Thule Group, from which the majority of members of the committee of the German Worker’s Party (DAP) had been recruited.
Dietrich Eckart (see right), with the approval of the Army, had appointed Hitler to the committee of the German Worker’s Party with the intention of him eventually becoming leader.
The Army considered Hitler to be an ideal ‘front’ man.
Eckart, of course, knew better.
He said to his confidants in the Thule Gesellschaft, shortly before he died, “Hitler will dance, but it is I who have called the tune !
I have initiated him into the ‘Secret Doctrine’, opened his centres of vision (8) and given him the means to communicate with the Powers. Do not mourn for me: I shall have influenced History more than any other German“.
The cruel and devastating lessons of War had taught Hitler that political power and the destinies of nations could not be compromised by such bourgeois values as honesty and openness.
Any consideration of current political events, will of course show that Hitler’s appraisal is still widely practised by even the most ‘respectable’ of governments who are, on numerous occasions, ‘economical with the truth’.
It is probably significant to note that it was only after 1945 that such criticisms of the book’s style and content became general, – before then it sold well even outside Germany, and was highly praised by many influential critics.
The book itself was the result of a collaboration between Hitler, Professor Karl Haushofer (see right), Rudolf Hess (see right) and Haushofer’s son, Albrecht (see left) (9), and as written while Hilter was incarcerated in Festung Landsburg, (see below right) after the abortive November Putsch in Munich.
The book was an immediate success after its publication in 1925 and it not only made Hitler enormously rich, eventually selling in excess of nine million copies, but was also influential in convincing intellectuals, academics and the upper classes of the legitimacy and value of the National Socialist ideal.
The book is simply propaganda combined with political, economic and social philosophy.
(8) Eckart’s use of the phrase ‘geheimlehre’ (Secret Doctrine) appears, on the face of it, to be a reference to Madame Blavatsky’s Theosophical teaching; ‘The Secret Doctrine’ being the title of her last book published in 1891; particularly with regards to Race and the existence of ‘hidden supermen’. Eckart may, however, be referring to some esoteric doctrine of his own.
(9) Albrecht Haushofer, son of Professor Karl Haushofer, was born in 1903.
An intellectual, he wrote esoteric poetry and historical verse dramas.
Remarkably precocious, he obtained his doctorate at the age of nineteen.
He involved in Hess’s flight to Scotland in May, 1941 and in the attempt on Hitler’s life in July of 1944.
He was arrested by the Gestapo and executed in 1945.
Objectively, it must be admitted that, out of all the individuals we shall be considering, his achievements were, undoubtedly, the most influential, far reaching and significant.
Most people, however, would find it difficult to admit to such an assessment despite the fact that Hitler was, almost single-handedly responsible for remoulding, politically, a country and its culture.
He then went on to impose his philosophical system upon the greater part of a whole continent, causing, in the process, the outbreak of a conflict of world wide scope and significance.
It is one of the mysteries of History that we can call Alexander of Macedon, ‘Alexander the Great’ (see left), despite of the fact that he crucified the entire adult male population of Tyre and Sidon, castrating the youths and sending them into slavery along with the women, whom his soldiers violated.
Equally we can study the career of Napoleon the First, dispassionately, despite his conquest of Europe and the enormous numbers of dead and injured which these wars produced.
In like manner the Genocide undertaken by the United States against the American Indians (see right) in the second half of the nineteenth century has been all but ‘swept under the carpet’, while the USA arrogantly swaggers around the world, using force if necessary, to attack other countries it considers guilty of violating human rights.
Stalin (see left), whilst often condemned, is still viewed merely as a historical phenomena, although he was undoubtedly guilty of causing the deaths of far more people than Hitler, even assuming that the highest estimates of deaths in the Holocaust are accepted as correct.
Stalin, of course was our ally in the last War and this seems to interfere, radically with our subsequent judgement.
The victors wrote a history, however, that was too darkly coloured.
Shakespeare warns us to beware of those who ‘protest too much’.
The victors feared, and even today still fear that Hitler may strike at them from the grave.
It appears that they know something about this man, and his ideas that the majority do not.
On the reasonable assumption that Hitler and Nazism are essentially evil and repulsive they will surely appeal to no one.
It should not be necessary to destroy Hitler’s mountain home, the Berghof, at Berchtesgaden (10), along with everything else associated with him, and to ridicule and condemn both him and his ideas at every opportunity if they are self evidently unacceptable to right thinking people.
Behind all this frantic and seemingly unnecessary condemnation lies an enigma which involves, undoubtedly, the nature of the source of Hitler’s ideas and personal power.
That power is opposed to all our mundane and bourgeois habits; a power capable of releasing us from this familiar world into a harsher dawn.
(10) When the Americans captured Berchtesgaden, in Bavaria, in 1945, it was decided that the Berghof (Haus Wachenfeld), which Hitler had first rented and subsequently bought with the proceeds from the sale of ‘Mein Kampf’, after his release from Landsberg Prison, should be destroyed, along with most of the other buildings on the Obersalzburg, with the exception of the Platterhof and the Hotel Turken.
This reason given for this wanton destruction of buildings of historical importance, which included the Nurnberg Stadium, (which resisted all attempts such was the quality of its construction), and many other buildings designed by Speer and Hitler, was that they would become ‘shrines to Nazism’.
Most people would undoubtedly consider him an evil individual.
The problem we face here, though, is that it is only the victors who are given the privilege of writing History, initially.
Hitler was well aware of this when he made his famous statement that ‘the Goddess of History would tear to tatters the judgement of this court’, during his trial in 1924, which resulted from the failure of the Munich Putch.
The fact that he was highly thought of by his superiors in the Army should indicate that he was self disciplined, reliable and intelligent.
The fact that he was awarded the Iron Cross on two occasions, should show that he was courageous.
The old man, driven once again by his daemons, was able, eventually, to die content; happy in the knowledge that his prophecies of Aryan greatness were at last about to come true.
Hitler attended his funeral in 1927.
While it may be difficult for many people to accept the fact today, Hitler came nearer to being revered as a God than any other individual in modern times.
Surprisingly, this adoration was not limited to the uneducated masses but was felt by artists, intellectuals and academics; many of his greatest admirers being in the military; the Junker aristocracy, and captains of industry and commerce.
Face to face, few could resist his charm, or his anger, and contrary to popular belief, it was only towards the end that Hitler resorted to bouts of aggressive anger, rather than to his winning smile and boyish enthusiasm.
(11) Fritz von Thyssen, 1873-1951. He was a multimillionaire who made his money from steel. He became a member of the NSDAP in 1923, pouring huge sums of money into the party coffers.
He saw the National Socialists as a bulwark against communism.
He was instrumental in encouraging Hitler to remove members of the party like Strasser and Feder, who were anti- capitalist, from influential positions in the party.
(12) Alfred Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, 1907-1967.
The son and heir of Gustav Krupp, he was an enthusiastic supporter of Hitler.
In 1943 he was appointed Minister of War Economy. Shortly after his capture and imprisonment as a ‘war criminal’, by the Allies he was released and his companies property and fortune were restored to him.
Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, 1870-1950. A multimillionaire industrialist who was mainly involved in the manufacture of armaments.
From 1931 he was Chairman of the Association of German Industrialists. Initially he distrusted Hitler but later, after meeting Hitler, he became a firm friend and supporter of the National Socialists.
At the end of the war he was not tried by the Nurnberg War Crimes Commission because of ‘ill health’.
Certainly, Hitler had an abnormal ability to sway people, both as individuals and in the mass. Eye witnesses are united in reporting an almost physical transformation in the Fuhrer when he spoke at public meetings.
It was Hanfstangl (see left) (13) who suggested that Hitler, when speaking to the masses, ‘had that ability which is needed to make people stop thinking critically and simply emote‘.
Equally, Professor Alan Bullock (see right) (14) was of the opinion that when Hitler spoke it was not as if he was using words but rather ‘a case of the emotions coming direct, with a rawness and power‘.
Usually they have presumed that Hitler was communicating with the collective unconscious of his listeners.
It is more likely that he was channelling power from a more mysterious source.
The sheer power of Hitler’s presence is now difficult to imagine, despite the fact that unlike Joseph Smith (see left), or Rasputin, (see right) who were also capable of swaying large groups, we have both film and sound recordings of Hitler’s speeches.
There are, however, still many witnesses of Hitler’s rallies, alive today, who are prepared to honestly report their feelings about Hitler, now that some fifty years have passed.
Alfons Heck, a German writer on the National Socialist era, has stated, frankly, that when he came face to face with Hitler, at a Hitler Youth rally, he felt he had ‘come face to face with God’.
Eckart had obviously done his job well.
It is no accident that the film of the 1934 Nurnberg Party Rally, directed by Leni Riefenstahl was called ‘The Triumph of the Will‘ (see right) (15).
To Hitler the Will was paramount, as it was for Crowley, Gurdjieff and all others who wished to control the powers of the occult.
The focusing of the Will was of the essence; once that was lost dissolution was inevitable.
The Will, which must be focused into a blazing stream of pure energy, is used to wield images and symbols as if they were material reality.
It is the source of Life; for the Creator is simply an infinite and all-powerful Will, and death comes to men only through a weakness of Will.
(13) Ernst Franz Sedgwick Hanfstangl (Putzi), 1887-1976.
He was a Harvard graduate, with an American mother. He belonged to an affluent family, which originally came from Munich and dealt in fine art reproductions and publishing. Hanfstangl met Hitler in 1921 and regularly lent and gave him money.
He was responsible for introducing Hitler to ‘polite’ Munich society. He was a competent pianist who often entertained and relaxed Hitler by playing excerpts from Wagner’s operas.
In 1937 he inexplicably fled from Germany, convinced that Hitler was planning to kill him. After the war he published a book entitled ‘Hitler, the Missing Years’.
(15) Leni Riefenstahl, 1902-. She was a documentary film director whose first film, ‘Sieg des Glaubens’ (‘Victory of Faith’), was made at the behest of Gobbles, the Minister of Propaganda. Her relationship with Gobbles was a difficult one and she suffered a nervous breakdown while making the film.
Hitler personally convinced her to make a further documentary of the 1934 Nurnberg Party Rally.
This was the now famous ‘Triumph des Willens’ (‘The Triumph of the Will’) which is considered, even today, and despite its subject, to be the peak of the documentary film maker’s art.
She went on to make ‘Olympia’, which was a record of the Berlin Olympics of 1936.
She was imprisoned for a short while by the Allies after the war, presumably for making documentaries, and has continued her career in films and photography since then
From Hitler’s confidential conversations, including those with Heinrich Himmler (see right) (16) and Hermann Rauschning (see left) (17), it is evident that he was far from being an ex-corporal turned right-wing, bourgeois politician, made good.
His statements show him to be a person for whom, like Joseph Smith, politics were only a means to an end.
He, like Crowley (see right), was ushering in a ‘New Age’, and like Crowley, and unlike our contemporary, sentimental and woolly headed disciples of alternative lifestyles and green politics, he knew that if this New Age was to be firmly established it would involve upheaval and suffering on an immense scale.
The tragedy is probably that we have had the suffering but the ‘new age’ has been aborted by the free-market capitalists.
That dawn is still awaited by so many, but before it dawns more suffering is probably inevitable
It was not to be simply a political or economic transformation, but rather a transformation of moral and spiritual values.
In this, of course, he was echoing one of his favourite authors, Friederich Nietzsche (see left).
In addition he saw the advent of a change in cultural perception, from the dominance of logic and the intellect to a new consciousness of Will and magical interpretation.
Rauschning makes it clear in his book ‘Conversations with Hitler’ that to understand Hitler one must realize that he believed absolutely that there was a magical relationship between Man and the Universe.
Although Rauschning was not aware of it, this conviction on Hitler’s part undoubtedly stemmed from his drug induced experiences with Hans L¢dz in 1910 and the teachings of Eckart.
Like Joseph Smith, Hitler believed that the purpose of material creation was the deification of man, although Hitler, unlike Smith, believed that such a process could be achieved in this life by essentially biological means.
This was the rationale behind the concept of the ‘Herrenvolk’ and the racial policies which have apparently so outraged the ‘liberal conscience’.
Perhaps Hitler’s most perceptive and significant comment was that the purpose of human evolution was to achieve a mystic vision of the Universe.
It was also, by inference, the purpose of National Socialism.
(16) Heinrich Himmler, 1900-1945. He was born at Landshut in Bavaria, the son of a respected teacher and former tutor to the Wittlesbach family.
Himmler studied at the Technischehochschule in Munich and became a laboratory technician.
He was too young to serve in the Great War, but joined the Freikorps at the end of the War and took part in the Munich Putch of 1923, acting as standard bearer, having joined the NSDAP that same year..
After the Putch he set up a small chicken farm near Munich.
He was appointed head of Hitler’s bodyguard, the Schutzstaffel or SS,in 1926. By 1936 Himmler controlled all the police in Germany, including the Gestapo and the SD.
The SS eventually became a state within a state, having its own armed forces and producing its own weapons, including the first operational jet fighters along with the V1 and V2 rockets. The SS, under Himmler made its own laws, which were administered by its own courts. It also had responsibility for the concentration camps. The Ahnenerbe was a special section of the SS concerned with the study of Nordic culture and History along with occult matters.
Himmler, like Hitler, was teetotal and vegetarian. He was also convinced of the value of Homeopathic and Herbal Remedies.
The SS itself intended to provide the genetic material from which would come the superhuman beings which Hitler saw as the final stage of Human evolution. Himmler committed suicide in 1945.
(17) Herman Rauschning, (1887-). He was president of the Danzig Senate in 1933. In 1935 he disagreed with Hitler and fled to Switzerland. He subsequently became an American citizen
Which is the greater price to pay, and which is the higher objective ?
The ‘liberals’ in the West and the one-time communists in the East, with their fingers on the nuclear buttons are still writing History, but, it seems, fewer people are prepared to believe them.
Shortly after the beginning of the War Hitler began to lose control of the powers he had acquired through the teachings of L¢dz, his experiences in the Great War, and his time with Eckart, who was responsible for activating Hitler’s centres of vision.
The ‘centres of vision’ are the the Sacred Chakras, which are a central part of esoteric philosophy in both the Oriental and Oriental systems of magic.
In Occidental magic, which has its origins in Gnosticism and the Kabala, the Chakras are associated with the Planetary Spheres and the Kabalistic Tree of Life.
There are seven Chakras in the human body associated with various organs.
The lowest Chakra is associated with the rectum, the second with the genitals, the third with the abdomen, the fourth with the heart, the fifth with the thyroid, the sixth with the pineal gland and the last Chakra with the crown.
Each Chakra ‘vibrates’ at its own rate and acts as a ‘gate’ to the ‘Kundalini Power’ which originates in the ano-genital area and, when released, can rise through the Chakras, being modified by each one; eventually reaching the Crown Chakra to produce a spiritual ‘awakening’. There are various ways of causing such an awakening of power; the easiest being a direct stimulation of the Kundalini through erotic or sado-erotic practices.
Such stimulation, rather than the slower and considerably more difficult meditatory path, often results in a lack of control of the powers so obtained.
She brought with her, to Berchtesgaden, her two daughters, Friedl and Geli.
By 1929 Hitler and Geli were constantly in each other’s company when Hitler was in Munich or on the Obersalzburg.
When Hitler acquired an apartment in Prinzregentenstrasse, in Munich, Geli was given rooms there.
There is no doubt that Hitler either had, or intended to have a sexual relationship of some sort with his niece, and was insanely jealous of her seeing other men; at one point accusing her of having an affair with Emil Maurice (who, it has been claimed, was homosexual), his chauffeur and bodyguard.
According to the Coroner she had committed suicide after an argument with Hitler.
Hitler was devastated, weeping publicly at Geli’s funeral.
It appears that Hitler had written a letter to Geli shortly before her death, which had somehow fallen into the wrong hands.
The letter was eventually recovered by a priest who supported Hitler.
Everyone who read the letter, including the priest, disappeared as a result of Himmler’s efficient and deadly actions.
In the letter it is believed that Hitler wrote frankly about his sado-masochistic attitude towards sex, which was related to his manipulation of sexual activities for paranormal purposes, although this was not explicitly stated in the letter.
That Geli was a danger to Hitler was an undoubted fact.
She was certainly an electoral liability and, perhaps more significantly and bizarrely, she would have been a drain on the psycho-sexual powers which Hitler needed in order to produce his mediumistic performances of mass oratory.
A year later Hitler met Eva Braun (18) at the studio of the photographer Heinrich Hoffman.
To begin with Hitler provided her with a flat in Munich, but later she moved into the Berghof.
She remained hidden from the public, although she acted as Mistress of the Berghof, entertaining Hitler’s eminent guests.
There has long been controversy over the nature of Hitler’s relationship with her.
Born in Simbach, Eva Braun was the second daughter of school teacher Friedrich “Fritz” Braun, a non-practicing Protestant, and Franziska “Fanny” Kronberger, who came from a respectable Bavarian Catholic family.
Her elder sister, Ilse, was born in 1909 and her younger sister, Margarete “Gretl”, was born in 1915.
Eva was educated at a lyceum, then for one year at a business school in a convent where she had average grades and a talent for athletics.She worked for several months as a receptionist at a medical office, then at age 17, took a job as an office and lab assistant and photographer’s model for Heinrich Hoffmann, the official photographer for the Nazi Party.
She met Hitler, 23 years her senior, at Hoffmann’s studio of Munich in October 1929.
He had been introduced to her as “Herr Wolff” (a childhood nickname he used during the 1920s for security purposes).She described him to friends as a “gentleman of a certain age with a funny moustache, a light-coloured English overcoat, and carrying a big felt hat.”
He appreciated her eye colour, which was said to be close to his mother’s.
Her family was strongly against the relationship and little is known about it during the first two years.The rest of Braun’s family survived the war, including her father, who worked in a hospital and to whom Braun sent several trunks of her belongings in April 1945.
Her mother, Franziska, died at age 91 in January 1976, having lived out her days in an old farmhouse in Ruhpolding *, Bavaria.
It is situated in the south of the Chiemgau region in the Alps.
The name “Ruhpolding” originates from the Bavarian word Rupoltingin and means “the people of the strong famous one”.
The town is mentioned as Ruhpoldingen for the first time in 1193.
It was connected through railway in 1895.
Since 1948, Ruhpolding became a famous spa and tourist resort)
His para-normal powers waned, but his daemons did not desert him completely.
One does not know what is more extraordinary: the bewitchment of the German nation; the phenomenon of Hitler himself; or the inability of most to recognise the sources of the Führer’s powers.
Yet the signs are plain for all to see in the work of historians of unimpeachable integrity like Alan Bullock and Hugh Trevor-Roper. ‘Until the last days of his life,’ writes Bullock, ‘he retained an uncanny gift of personal magnetism which defies analysis, but which many who met him have described … This was connected with the curious powers of his eyes, which are persistently said to have some sort of hypnotic
Professor Trevor-Roper concurs: ‘Hitler had the eyes of a hypnotist which seduced the wits and affections of all who yielded to their power.” One does not acquire such power by accident!
Goebbels wrote about his first meeting with Hitler: “I was fascinated by Hitlers blue eyes…“. Traudl Junge, his last secretary often told in interviews, that “…people were amazed about Hitler’s blue eyes….”.
Martha Dodd writes in her book that, “Hitler’s eyes were startling and unforgettable – they seemed pale blue in color, were intense, unwavering, hypnotic.”
One only acquires such power of the eyes by patient training, and undoubtedly Hitler’s ability to use his eyes in such a way resulted from his time with Lodz and Eckart – and does the nickname of ‘Wolf’ for Hitler come from this pseudo-canine dominance trait of the eyes ?
However – even when he was young Hitler’s eyes were remarkable.
Kubizek has the following to say about Hitler’s eyes:
‘Never in my life have I seen any other person whose appearance — how shall I put it — was so completely dominated by the eyes.
They were the light eyes of his mother, but her somewhat staring, penetrating gaze was even more marked in the son and had even more force and expressiveness.
It was uncanny how these eyes could change their expression, especially when Adolf was speaking.
To me his sonorous voice meant much less than the expression of his eyes.
In fact, Adolf spoke with his eyes, and even when his lips were silent one knew what he wanted to say.
When he first came to our house and I introduced him to my mother, she said to me in the evening, “What eyes your friend has!” And I remember quite distinctly that there was more fear than admiration in her words.
If I am asked where one could perceive, in his youth, this man’s exceptional qualities, I can only answer, “In the eyes.”‘
Associated with Hitler’s hypnotic gaze, and his intense personal magnetism, is the concept of the ‘daemonic’.
As Goethe (1749–1832) (see left) wrote: ‘The Daemonic element manifests itself in all corporeal and incorporeal things, and even expresses itself most distinctly in animals, yet it is primarily in its relation to man that we observe its mysterious workings, which represent a force, if not antagonistic to the moral order, yet running counter to it, so that the one may be regarded as the warp, and the other as the woof.
Hence the above descriptions are ludicrous if applied to Mussolini or Stalin, but perfect if applied to men such as Rasputin, Gurdjieff or Crowley, with whom Hitler must be classed: all four men possessed to a remarkable degree this intense personal magnetism, which, in all four cases, was associated with their ‘hypnotic’ eyes.
One has to be inflexibly dogmatic and unscientific to deny the proposition that the human brain is capable of doing extraordinary things, in face of all the evidence, and indeed, the current intellectual fashion is to accept the existence of ESP powers as long as we can talk
about them in terms of the brain or the unconscious.
As long as our terms are sufficiently ‘modern’, we are on safe ground: yoga we can label Psychocybernetics, and magic, Applied Mind Dynamics, and this almost makes them respectable.
Unfortunately, in considering Adolf Hitler, we are also forced to consider the possibility that the world of spirits and demons may have some objective existence, or at least, that Hitler thought it did.
Time and time again we come upon the phrase used to describe him, ‘the unconscious tool of higher powers‘.
We may add to the testimony of witnesses we have quoted earlier the words of the French Ambassador, Francois-Poncet;
‘He entered into a sort of mediumistic trance; the expression of his face was ecstatic,‘ and of another Frenchman, Bouchez:
‘I looked into his eyes – the eyes of a medium in a trance … Sometimes there seemed to be a sort of ectoplasm; the speaker’s body seemed to be inhabited by something …’
And Rauschnig said of Hitler – ‘One cannot help but think of him as a medium…beyond any doubt Hitler was possessed by forces outside himself..’
Finally there is the account by those close to Hitler, which reminds one of the UnknownSupermen of Mathers and Crowley:
‘A person close to Hitler related that he wakes up in the night screaming and in convulsions. He calls for help, and appears to be half paralysed.
He is seized with a panic that makes him tremble until the bed shakes.
He utters confused and unintelligible sounds, gasping, as if on
the point of suffocation.’
The same person described one of these fits in detail.
‘Hitler was standing up in his room, swaying, and looking all round him as if he were lost.
“It’s he, it’s he,” he groaned; “he’s come for me!”
His lips were white; he was sweating profusely.
Suddenly he uttered a string of meaningless figures, then words and scraps of sentences.
He used strange expressions strung together in bizarre disorder.
Then he relapsed again into silence, but his lips still continued to move.
Then suddenly he screamed: “There! there! Over in the corner! He is there!” – all the time stamping with his feet and shouting.
To quieten him he was assured that nothing extraordinary had happened, and finally he gradually calmed down.
After that he slept for a long time and became normal again.’
Is it possible that this was one of the mysterious beings which forbade him to speak about further stages in evolution ? (see below – ‘Hitler Speaks’)
Hitler’s behaviour invites one to compare the remarks of Mathers.
The ‘string of meaningless figures, then words and scraps of sentences . . . the strange expressions strung together in bizarre disorder‘ all sound remarkably like the arcane languages and ‘barbarous names of evocation‘ used by ceremonial magicians to control their consciousness.
We cannot resolve the question of whether spirit beings have an existence independent of the human brain, or whether they are personalised components of the unconscious mind, and we leave the reader to judge.
From the above, however, it is clear that the Führer thought in terms of an objective world of spirit beings.
Admittedly it is hard to accept that such beliefs nourished one of the twentieth century’s most prominent political figures, and yet he said himself, when talking of the destiny of the human race: ‘Politics are only a practical and fragmentary aspect of this destiny.’
The question remains, who or what did Hitler see in the shadows ?
The bomb plot, arranged by some of his disillusioned generals was the final blow, weakening his physical and spiritual resolve on which his essential ‘Will’ rested.
He had failed, and was cast aside to be reviled by History.
He also owned the collected works of William Shakespeare, (see left) published in German translation in 1925 by Georg Müller as part of a series intended to make great literature available to the general public. Volume six includes ‘As You Like It’, ‘Twelfth Night’, ‘Hamlet’ and ‘Troilus and Cressida’.
“The first Karl May that I read was ‘The Ride Across the Desert’,” he recalled. “I was overwhelmed. I threw myself into him immediately, which resulted in a noticeable decline in my grades.”
He also owned a German translation of Henry Ford’s (see right) anti-semitic tract ‘The International Jew: The World’s Foremost Problem’, and a 1931 handbook on poison gas, with a chapter detailing the qualities and effects of prussic acid, the homicidal asphyxiant marketed commercially as Zyklon B.
Also surviving in the collection of Hitler’s books is a copy of ‘Mein Kampf’ with Hitler’s ex-libris book plate, an analysis of Wagner’s (see left) ‘Parsifal’ published in 1913, a history of the swastika from 1921, and half a dozen or so spiritual and occult volumes acquired in Munich in the early 1920s, including an account of supernatural occurrences, ‘The Dead Are Alive !’, and a monograph on Nostradamus.
In a 1934 reprint of Paul Lagarde’s (see right) ‘German Letters’, a series of late-19th-century essays advocating the systematic removal of Europe’s Jewish population, there are more than 100 pages of pencilled intrusions: from page 41, where Lagarde calls for the “transplanting” of German and Austrian Jews to Palestine, extending to ominous passages where he speaks of Jews as “pestilence”.
“This water pestilence must be eradicated from our streams and lakes,” Lagarde writes on page 276, with a pencil marking bold affirmation in the margin. “The political system without which it cannot exist must be eliminated.”
Not long after Hitler siezed the leadership of the party and became it’s Fuhrer, his mentor, Eckart, introduced him to the lovely village of Berchtesgaden that was nestled in the Bavarian Alps.
Hitler described the region as “a countryside of indescribable
A short walk below the Moritz was the Gasthof zum Turken (see left) (named after an innkeeper who fought the Turks) where Hitler and his friends enjoyed the “genuine goulash” and often lingered in one of the small public rooms lost in conversation.
It no doubt impressed Hitler to learn that the Moritz and Turken had once been the meeting places of such dignitaries as Prince-Regent Luitpold of Bavaria, the composer Johannes Brahms and even Crown prince Wilhelm of Prussia.
Having taught Hitler the oratory skills to manipulate an audience through the techniques of hand gestures, voice control and timing, Eckhart now presented his prodigy with a place that would overwhelm him with majestic and inspiring grandeur.
Little wonder that Hitler later said that it was here that he had spent his most pleasant times, and conceived his greatest ideas.
Often noted by occultists as an “energy spot” or “magnetic geo-node,” many seekers came to the Untersberg to be refreshed by the water and drawn to over 400 caves and tunnels by what is described as a “strong magnetic anomaly.”
The Untersberg has been characterized by the Dalai-Lama as the “sleeping dragon,” the “heart-chakra of the world.”
The legends of time portals, missing expeditions, tunnel systems leading to fountains, temples, forests and marble rooms go back hundreds of years.
One of the most persistent rumors involves the legend of Karl the Great (of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation), known in the west as Charles the Great or Charlemagne.
Though physically buried in the German village of Aachen, it is believed that the “astral form” of this emperor sleeps in the mysterious depths of a subterranean throne room, surrounded by his strongest knights, gnomes, frost giants and fire giants, Valkyries and other “Volk,” awaiting the final liberation of his country and kinsmen; that he will rule over a thousand year kingdom of Aryan dominion.
Other accounts maintain this entity is the spirit of the emperor Frederich Barbarossa.
Within the ancient mythologies of the Nordic People are the prophecies that at a future point in time, though time itself is a variable, the “Watcher-god”, Heimdall, will sound his horn to summon the children of Loki (see right).
This semi-divine/human Sixth Race will break their bonds and unite with mystical forces to sail from the land of the Niflheim, located in an astral plane beyond the auroras, waging the final battle with the current “usurpers” of the planet to culminate in the enthronement of their vaticinated king.
It is this anticipated kingdom and its preparation that has been the goal of the ancient spirits. This is the heart of ‘The Awakening of the Black Sun’.
The Untersberg is known to be inhabited by certain kinds of elemental spirits of Nature, some of which are good and benevolent, others of a wicked and malicious nature, and inimical to mankind; and there are innumerable tales circulating among the people in the neighborhood, telling about the doings of the gnomes, fairies, and giants, dwelling within caves and in gorgeous marble halls and grottoes filled with gold and precious stones that will turn into dead leaves and stones when seen in the light of day.
“Some of the friendly tribes come out of the Untersberg on certain occasions, and they are said to have sometimes associated with the inhabitants of our plane of existence, partaking in the dances and amusements of the peasants, and even taking stray children with them into the Untersberg; and, incredible as it may appear, it is even asserted by, “those who know” that marriages have taken place between citizens of our world and the inhabitants of the kingdom of gnomes.
Of course it is well known that within the mysterious depths of the Untersberg there dwells the soul of a great emperor in his astral form.
There, together with his retinue, he sleeps an enchanted sleep, waiting for the liberation of his country.
Sometimes very suddenly, even on a clear summer day, clouds are seen to issue from the sides of the mountain; grotesquely-formed ghost-like mists arise from the caverns and precipices, crawling and gliding slowly upwards toward the top, and form on the neighboring peaks also, clouds of monstrous shapes and sometimes of gigantic proportions floating on, until the head of the Untersberg is surrounded by a surging sea of vapours growing dense and dark.
Seldom included in historical analysis of the Third Reich and Adolf Hitler, is the spiritually mesmerizing impact of Mount Untersberg.
Hitler’s first direct encounter took place in 1923, upon which date the future führer would describe his feelings, “It was so wonderful! A view of the Untersberg! Indescribable!”
While not specifically recorded, it is unlikely that the youthful Hitler would have been unaware of the writings of Franz Hartmann.
His obsession with occultism and theosophy, now well documented, would explain the peculiar fascination with the “sleeping dragon” as described by the Dalai Lama.
Having rented Haus Wachenfeld, a small vacation villa across the valley from Mount Untersberg, for four years, it was in 1932, with proceeds earned from royalties from Mein Kampf, that Adolf Hitler purchased what would become the Berghof.
A major renovation of the house soon followed, including a series of extensions, a bowling alley, a library and a basement.
(see Grundstein – Foundation Stone of 1936 – left – with Thule Swastikas)
Most importantly, however, was the construction of a huge picture window, providing a completely open view of the Untersberg.
Hitler was deeply affected by the legend and remarked to Albert Speer, his architect and armaments minister:
“Look at the Untersberg over there.It is not just by chance that I have my seat across from it.”
In February of 1942, the Fuhrer commented to Heinrich Himmler, “Charlemagne was the one of the greatest men to ever live.”
It may well have been that Adolf Hitler had hoped to see some type of manifestation: his telescopes were specifically designed for earth observation.
“Those were the best times of my life,” he would later say. “My great plans were forged there.”
So magnetic was the mountain that the Führer later explained,
“I basically built the house around the window,” and he even named the structure Berghof: “The Mountain Court.”
The Berghof has been described as a “Bavarian country house guarded by 2,000 SS troops,” with Adolf Hitler gazing from a “gigantic window… across a valley to the Untersberg massif, a sheer wall of mountain that looms large in Teutonic myths.”
For almost a decade Obersalzburg had become the Holy Mountain of the Third Reich, drawing thousands of pilgrims to pay homage to their Führer.
The cave explorers had to return from their expedition without knowing how far down it goes.
According to a German newspaper report they had gone down 1056 meters before being forced to return at an abyss-like precipce.
This had been accomplished by being able to pass an extremely narrow passageway that had been previously unpassable.
They also discovered more than 800 new passageways and a lake in 930 meters depth.
It was built as an extension of the Obersalzberg complex erected in the mountains above Berchtesgaden.
The Kehlsteinhaus was intended as a 50th birthday present for Adolf Hitler to serve as a retreat for Hitler and place for him to entertain visiting dignitaries.
The Kehlsteinhaus was commissioned by Martin Bormann, with construction proceeding over a 13-month period.
It was completed in the summer of 1938, prior to its formal presentation to Hitler on his 50th birthday on April 20, 1939.
It is situated on a ridge at the top of the Kehlstein mountain 1,834 m (6,017 ft), reached by a 6.5 km (4.0 mi) long and 4 m (13 ft) wide road that cost 30 million RMs to build (about 150 million euros in 2007, adjusted in line with inflation).
It includes five tunnels but only one hairpin turn and climbs 800 m (2,600 ft).
The inside of the large elevator car is surfaced with polished brass, Venetian mirrors and green leather.
The main reception room is dominated by a fireplace of red Italian marble, presented by Mussolini.
Much of the furniture was designed by Paul László.
A significant event held at the Kehlsteinhaus was the wedding reception that followed the marriage of Eva Braun’s sister Gretl to Hermann Fegelein on June 3, 1944.
The building is often mistakenly referred to as a “tea house”, a corruption of its abbreviated name, “D-Haus”, short for “Diplomatic Reception Haus”.
As a result it is frequently confused with the actual tea house at Hitler’s Berghof, the Mooslahnerkopf Teehaus he visited daily after lunch.
Although the site is on the same mountain as the Berghof, Hitler rarely visited the property.
It has been suggested he only visited the Kehlsteinhaus around 10 times, and most times for no more than 30 minutes, however he did receive André François-Poncet (the departing French ambassador to Germany) there on October 18, 1938.
As a result of the lack of close association with Hitler the property was saved from demolition at the end of the war.A trail leads above the Kehlsteinhaus towards the Mannlgrat ridge reaching from the Kehlstein to the summit of the Hoher Goll. The route, which is served by a Klettersteig, is regarded as the easiest to the top.
“At the age of twelve, I saw … the first opera of my life, Lohengrin. In one instant I was addicted. My youthful enthusiasm for the Bayreuth Master knew no bounds.”
“When human hearts break and human souls despair, then from the twilight of the past, the great conquerors of distress and care, of shame and misery, of spiritual slavery and physical compulsion, look down and hold out their eternal hands to the despairing mortals. Woe to the people ashamed to grasp them !”
“He who would live must fight
And he who would not contend in this world of eternal struggle
Does not deserve to live.”
One wonders who it was that withheld permission.